August 31, 2015
Labor Day Sale. Many unions like to badmouth the free market, but due to changing conditions it looks as though some are beginning to develop a strong belief in price elasticity.
Now the Michigan Education Association, facing a similar future, is promoting a special deal for its members: pay your full dues at the start of the school year and get $30 cash back!
There is some fine print, however. MEA charges most teachers $645, and it is unclear whether rebate-seekers will also have to pony up NEA’s $185 and whatever their local dues might be. And the timeline isn’t exactly expeditious. Members have to pay by October 30, fill out and return a rebate form by December 31, and then receive their $30 check within 90 days after that.
Pay more than $830 in October, get $30 back next March! You can tell these guys are new at the whole marketing thing.
Perhaps because most of their members are in the private sector, the Teamsters have a better handle on this. In concert with the run-up to a representation election for education support employees in Clark County, Nevada, Teamsters Local 14 reduced new member initiation fees from $150 to $35.
Even these modest efforts are rare. Instances of dues being cut to retain members are almost unheard of. The standard response to falling membership is to raise dues, in an attempt to compensate for lost revenues. But we may not be far away from a day when unions start running TV ads and infomercials to pick up business, just like personal injury lawyers and realtors.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics August 25-31:
* Union President on “Teacher Shortage”: “Who Cares What the Data Says?” Who are you going to believe, me or your own eyes?
* NLRB Ruling Might Cut Both Ways. Unions might be “joint employers” for all sorts of workers.
* Vegas Election Set: Teamsters vs. NEA. Lopsided.
* Remembering the Obama Years. Back when things were swell.
Quote of the Week. “During this time, there will be hardship. It’s unfortunate. We don’t want to see it. But the alternative was to have a greater hardship, and that is to turn over our health insurance to a for-profit entity.” – John Vellardita, executive director of the Clark County Education Association, explaining why the union’s Teachers Health Trust raised members’ rates in order to pay claims. (August 27 Las Vegas Review-Journal)
August 24, 2015
EIA Exclusive: NEA Agency Fee-Payers By State & Financial Consequences of Friedrichs Case. In its next session the U.S. Supreme Court will hear Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, which challenges a 40-year-old system of compelling non-members to pay an agency fee to public sector unions with exclusive representation rights where they work. Information about agency fee-payers has always been difficult to obtain, but we do know that in the 2014-2015 school year, the National Education Association had more than 100,000 fee-payers.
EIA has obtained an internal NEA document that breaks down that number by state. It is being made public here for the first time. There are currently 20 states that allow agency fees in the public sector. These figures also include the remaining fee-payers in Michigan and Wisconsin, where changes in state law banned such payments, but did not overturn collective bargaining agreements previously made. Eventually there will be no fee-payers in either state.
Alaska – 539
California – 28,323
Connecticut – 542
Delaware – 906
Hawaii – 784
Illinois – 5,939
Maine – 133
Maryland – 3,174
Massachusetts – 4,511
*Michigan – 675
Minnesota – 6,760
Montana – 1,241
New Hampshire – 380
New Jersey – 3,516
New York – 27,117
Ohio – 1,400
Oregon – 3,996
Pennsylvania – 5,491
Rhode Island – 146
Vermont – 763
Washington – 4,099
*Wisconsin – 345
The Oregon Education Association has the largest percentage of agency fee-payers when compared with active members, followed by the California Teachers Association and Education Minnesota. Both in raw numbers and as a percentage, the Maine Education Association has the fewest fee-payers.
NEA also tried to predict the revenue implications of an adverse U.S. Supreme Court decision. The union concluded that for every 5 percent membership loss caused by Friedrichs, NEA would lose approximately $11.5 million annually in dues.
That is a substantial, but hardly devastating amount of money. It does, however, understate the effect. It does not include, for example, the loss of approximately $10 million per year in agency fees themselves. Additionally, a five percent loss of membership in the agency fee states is a very optimistic scenario. The Michigan Education Association has lost more than 16 percent of its active membership in the last five years, and the Wisconsin Education Association Council has lost more than 53 percent.
But NEA’s analysis was only concerned with the effect on the national organization and not on the state affiliates themselves. A five percent loss of revenue in each of the 20 agency fee state affiliates totals almost $42.3 million annually.
There is no way to predict how many current NEA members will opt out of membership if agency fees are abolished, but an average loss of 15 percent in agency fee states would mean a total decrease in revenue to the organization of more than $171 million annually – and that’s without accounting for the finances of local affiliates.
Another unknown is the multiplier effect. Dues money from agency fee states goes to NEA and is redistributed to support organizing, advocacy and union staff compensation in affiliates all across the nation. How will they manage without those funds?
NEA has already begun efforts to mitigate the problems a loss of agency fees will bring, but everyone is working with the unknown. The union will be operating in a competitive market where the individual decisions of hundreds of thousands of teachers and support employees will determine its fiscal health, rather than the provisions of collective bargaining laws and school contracts. How well NEA can pivot will determine whether it will remain a major force in education policy.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics August 18-24:
* Manic Depression. “Testing mania” is more of a low-grade chronic condition.
* Bubble Wrap. Don’t want to spend so much time and money on testing? Better keep those multiple-choice tests then.
* You Can’t Wipe My Server. Hillary’s 1999 prediction about charter schools.
* Tough Bargaining in Pacific Northwest. Teachers’ unions have their own unions to worry about.
Quote of the Week. “We don’t leave our dogs or kids in the car, but it’s okay to leave a bus driver [in a hot school bus] for 20 minutes while they’re waiting?” – Mitzi Hurt, member of the Oregon School Employees Association doing volunteer work for AFT Alabama, commenting on the lack of school bus air conditioning. (August 19 nwLaborPress.org)
August 17, 2015
Following the Alabama Education Association Money Trail. The Alabama Education Association has had what can charitably be called a rough few years. As its almost uncontested hold on the state legislature began to slip, the union began to engage in various risky political activities like:
+ Sending PAC money to five other PACs, which then donated it to the “True Republican PAC,” which then used it to make media buys using the same Denver-based firm that NEA uses. The ruse was discovered and rendered ineffective.
+ Committing millions of dollars to the GOP primaries, including hundreds of thousands of dollars to National Research Services, a previously unknown firm with a Tennessee post office box that incorporated in Delaware on a Friday and received hundreds of thousands of dollars of AEA PAC money the next Monday. This didn’t pay off either.
+ Using dues money to invest in “high risk stock market ventures,” ultimately resulting in the forced resignation of executive secretary Henry Mabry and an establishment of a trusteeship by the National Education Association. Former AEA officers and staff claim NEA tricked the AEA board into approving the takeover.
Now, with the help of AEA’s IRS filings and other documents, we can put numbers to the amount of financial damage that was done.
In the 2013-14 school year, AEA saw a $450,000 decrease in dues revenue thanks to falling membership. But this didn’t cause money problems because the shortfall was more than matched by the $550,000 increase in contributions and grants from NEA.
Nevertheless, AEA ran an $8.6 million budget deficit, which was 65% more than it collected in dues. Most of this was due to two factors. First was a $2.4 million loss from investments. It is unclear from the available documentation whether the securities lost all value or were liquidated at a substantial loss. In any event, AEA held $6.5 million worth of securities in 2013 and only $914,000 worth in 2014. The union also reported $1.2 million in unrealized losses.
The second budget-buster was the $3.3 million AEA sent to the Gilbraltar Foundation, identified only by a Washington DC PO box. If you never heard of the Gibraltar Foundation, don’t feel bad. No one has. The foundation immediately started spending the money, sending it to organizations like the Alabama Foundation for Limited Government, which was heavily involved in the aforementioned GOP primaries on behalf of AEA’s chosen candidates.
The Gibraltar Foundation later incorporated in DC, and shares the same office space with The Organizing Group, a campaign consulting firm headed by Steve Rosenthal, founder of America Coming Together and former AFL-CIO political director.
“We run full scale campaigns, including campaign planning and budgeting, mail, phones, and door-to-door voter contact; and also can offer individual campaign elements,” reads the firm’s list of services.
The $3.3 million AEA sent to the Gibraltar Foundation was dues money. The union had an additional $2.2 million available in its PAC account.
You will search in vain for any mention of any of this, or the NEA trusteeship, in AEA’s member publication, the Alabama School Journal. The only clue that anything out of the ordinary has been going on is a notice soliciting applications for chief financial officer, a position AEA never had before, and the applications need to be sent to Steven Martinez, who worked as NEA’s associate director of finance and audit for 21 years before becoming CFO of a media and marketing firm.
The audits that led to Mabry’s ouster and the NEA trusteeship have never seen the light of day, and now probably won’t. Union trusteeships are notorious for cutting off the flow of information, so much so that few NEA members know that the union created a still-existing Indiana real estate firm in 2009.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics August 11-17:
* How to Keep the Union Away? It’s No Secret. Teacher voice.
* Conn-victed. Detroit sends its union president packing.
* Put Those Back On. Held accountable for stealing from the accountability fund.
* What Happens in Vegas Could Happen Elsewhere. Reversing the trend.
Quote of the Week. “No one ever entered the profession so they could join a teachers’ union.” – Kim Schroeder, president of the Milwaukee Teachers Education Association. (August 14 Deseret News)
August 10, 2015
Declassified: Indiana and Kentucky Internal Documents. Here are a couple of documents that are of local and regional interest. Earlier this year I posted the membership numbers for every local affiliate of the Oregon Education Association. Now I can post similar numbers for each local of the Indiana State Teachers Association.
The union’s three largest locals last year were Evansville (1,192), Fort Wayne (1,184) and Indianapolis (1,052).
The other document is a brief report from the Kentucky Education Association Program and Budget Committee. The union’s 2015 – 2016 budget is based on an expected membership level of 25,500 active certified and 3,800 education support members.
These and many other internal union documents are available on EIA’s Declassified page.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics August 4-10:
* Shortage-Term Memory. Fool me twice, shame on me.
* Shadow Boxing. Threatening to punch teachers in the face is either despicable or praiseworthy, depending on who’s making the threats.
* All the World’s a Stage. How to get someone to join the union, spelled out.
* UTLA Plans 33% Dues Increase. The revolution must be financed.
Quote of the Week. “I really felt in my heart and my gut that we were going to take Scott Walker down.” – Michael Brown, founder of United Wisconsin, the political action committee that launched the 2012 recall of Gov. Walker. Brown now hunts ghosts in Wisconsin. (August 8 Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel).
August 3, 2015
22 NEA State Affiliates Have Fewer Members Than in 1994. Last April I did a little historical research and discovered that 20 NEA state affiliates actually lost members from 1994 to 2013. Now that I have the union’s 2013-14 membership numbers available, I am updating that figure to 22.
Recent membership losses in the Georgia Association of Educators and the Tennessee Education Association bring them to levels below where they stood in 1994. Here is the complete list:
Arizona Education Association
Arkansas Education Association
Georgia Association of Educators
Idaho Education Association
Indiana State Teachers Association
Iowa State Education Association
Louisiana Association of Educators
Maine Education Association
Mississippi Association of Educators
North Carolina Association of Educators
Oklahoma Education Association
South Carolina Education Association
South Dakota Education Association
Tennessee Education Association
Texas State Teachers Association
Utah Education Association
Virginia Education Association
West Virginia Education Association
Wisconsin Education Association Council
Wyoming Education Association
Federal Education Association
As this list grows, the list of historically healthy state affiliates will shrink by one. The Alabama Education Association was NEA’s sole success story in the South over the last 20 years, but recent events will soon have the organization joining its brethren on life support.
Merger double-counting aside, the number of reliably strong NEA affiliates is whittled down to seven – California, New Jersey, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Maryland and Washington. Absent a remarkable change in fortunes, NEA will start to resemble AFT in that it will have well-defined strongholds (as AFT has in major city school systems) and be virtually invisible elsewhere.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics July 28-August 3:
* Former Union Officers Revolt Against NEA Trusteeship in Alabama. State media notice uprising against something they didn’t know existed.
* AFT Deposes Florida Local President & Board. Regime change.
* AFT’s Florida Follies. Sun-baked.
* Conn-dign. Comedy’s final act?
Quote of the Week. “Comparing strength to ‘right to work’ status shows that union strength is clearly correlated with whether unions can collect agency fees. (All data are as of 2012.) Eighteen of the twenty strongest-union states allow the collection of agency fees; most of the twenty states where unions are weakest prohibit the practice, though there are a handful of exceptions (Washington, D.C., New Mexico, and Missouri, for example).” – Michael J. Petrilli and Dara Zeehandelaar. (August 3 Education Next)
July 27, 2015
Y2K: NEA Membership Numbers Essentially the Same – 15 Years Later. The National Education Association has unwittingly demonstrated the limitations of standardized tests. Let’s use a word problem such as we have seen a million times before: If NEA had 2,524,532 members in 1999-2000, and 2,956,532 members in 2013-14, how many more members does NEA have today?
If you said 432,000, you are good at arithmetic but lacking in knowledge about teachers’ unions. The correct answer is: maybe about 5,000 – give or take a few hundred.
How can this be? As I hinted this morning on Intercepts, the national union’s membership growth is almost entirely due to counting American Federation of Teachers members in merged state affiliates, a process NEA began in 1999. This might be acceptable if AFT weren’t also counting the same members in their totals. Even that might be acceptable if those states were paying double dues. But, as was amply demonstrated at this year’s NEA Representative Assembly, their dues and representation on NEA’s elected bodies are proportional to their pre-merger numbers.
At the time of their respective mergers, AFT members in Minnesota (~22,500), Florida (~51,000), Montana (~2,100), New York (~350,000) and North Dakota (~1,400) instantly became NEA members, though they counted toward membership totals and little else. They constitute a fixed number of 427,000 paper members, resulting in an NEA that is virtually the same size as it was in 1999-2000.
We even have mathematical corroboration. In 1999-2000, according to NEA’s financial disclosure reports, the union took in $221,985,292 in dues revenue. In 2013-14, it took in $362,987,725 – an increase in income of 63.5 percent.
But when we take a weighted average of the increase in the NEA dues rate on teachers and education support employees, we find it went up a cumulative 63.0 percent – almost entirely accounting for the extra revenue. In other words, essentially all of NEA’s additional money came from charging existing members more – not by recruiting new education employees.
And there have been a lot of them. In the last 15 years, America’s public education system hired an additional 276,000 teachers and almost as many education support employees. From a pool of perhaps a half-million possible members, NEA added no more than 5,000. I guess you could call them the one-percenters.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics July 21-27:
* How to Grow NEA Membership. Double count.
* You Get What You Pay For. Quid pro quo.
* Alameda School Board Cuts Out the Middle Man. A year in the making.
* Rhetorical Question. No, no, we can’t have that.
* Defenestration. Should I throw Windows out of a window?
Quote of the Week. “So what’s behind the bump? NEA President Lily Eskelsen García boiled it down to three words: “Organize, organize, organize,” she told Morning Education. “It doesn’t just happen.” Jim Testerman, NEA’s senior director for organizing, said it comes after listening to members and organizing on issues that concern them, like testing and reducing class sizes…. One caveat: The membership numbers aren’t final, Testerman said. NEA affiliates have a few months to clean up their lists while some members retire or resign. More concrete numbers will be available in the fall, he said.” – from a July 8 Politico item headlined “NEA’s Membership Uptick.”
July 20, 2015
Official NEA State Affiliate Membership Numbers for 2014. The National Education Association lost an additional 42,000 active members last year, bringing the union’s total losses among working public school employees to more than 310,000 (10.7%) over the past five years.
I have compiled the numbers in a handy table, which provides both the total and active membership for each state affiliate. Active members are employed teachers, professionals and education support workers. Total membership includes retirees, students, substitutes and all others. Along with the numbers are the one-year and five-year changes in those figures.
For quick reference you can refer to this chart as I detail the exact numbers. (Click on chart for better viewing.)
The biggest losers over the five-year period were Arizona and Wisconsin (each with 53.1% active member loss), North Carolina (45.9% loss) and Louisiana (31.5% loss).
Other affiliates with losses of greater than 20% include Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, the District of Columbia and the Utah School Employees Association.
NEA lost 3,000 members from the University of Hawaii Professional Assembly when UHPA disaffiliated. The membership increase in North Dakota is almost entirely due to the merging of the NEA and AFT affiliates in the state. Both national unions count the same members from merged states in their totals.
I have unofficial numbers for 2015 as well. They show additional losses among the weakest affiliates, with the Alabama Education Association added to the list. AEA lost more than 19 percent of its active membership between 2009 and 2014, and appears to have lost another 5,000 members in 2015, bringing its active membership total to about 56,000. NEA established a trusteeship over AEA last May.
These figures also suggest what a post-Friedrichs world will look like. In 2014, NEA affiliates in agency fee states gained about 5,300 active members. In states without agency fees, NEA affiliates lost more than 47,000 active members.
With the exceptions of Illinois and Minnesota, it is difficult to find a healthy NEA state affiliate between New England and the Pacific coast.
In the coming weeks I will have additional figures and analysis on NEA’s membership situation, including a longer-term historical perspective.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics July 9-20:
* Add Boston to the Union Militancy Movement. Will UCORE mean something?
* Endorsement Unites AFT Behind Hillary… If You Believe AFT. The natives are restless.
* Well, That Could Have Gone Better. How the rank-and-file reacted to the Hillary endorsement.
* 35-3. Representative?
* Esquith Tipster Mortified by Events. They can’t run a district, but they can run amok.
* WEAC Falls Below 40,000 Active Members. Act 10 was the final act.
Quote of the Week. “Clearly, NEA President Lily Eskelsen Garcia wants to claim the mantle of civil rights and social justice — words that are sprinkled throughout her speeches — while simultaneously freeing her members of the responsibilities of improving outcomes for the most vulnerable children.” – Kati Haycock, president of the Education Trust. (July 14)
July 13, 2015
Direct Links to All NEA Representative Assembly Blog Posts. In case you didn’t follow along all last week with EIA’s gavel-to-gavel coverage of the 2015 National Education Association Representative Assembly from Orlando, here are the direct links to each post, in chronological order. Enjoy!
Compared to What, When? – How to manufacture a membership increase.
“You Are the Future of Everything” – The mote and the beam.
Membership Math, One More Time – Can’t let it slide.
There’s No Business Like New Business – Pizza and Coke.
What Happened to Playing the Long Game? – In the ashes John Stocks sees pixie dust.
Rebel Yell – A day after unanimously vowing to fight institutional racism, the delegates spent two hours debating whether to support the removal of Confederate flags from public spaces.
I Am Not a Number, I Am a Free Man – It takes The Village.
The Final Few – Eliminating voter ID requirement for NEA elections is referred to committee.
Merged Affiliates Stuck With Status Quo – The delegates really don’t want merged affiliates to get their maximum allotment of representation.
Federalist Sighting! – An unlikely source notices that the powers of the federal government are limited.
A Lesson in Time Management – Good news! NEA can still take Gates money.
It’s a Marathon, Not a Sprint – Hitting the wall.
This Morning’s Little Ironies – Labor rules save the day and delegates agree to continue to “control the flow of information.”
NEA Opts In to Opt Out – As written, NEA now supports opting out of any test, standardized or not.
June 22, 2015
Coverage of the NEA Representative Assembly Begins July 3. For the 18th consecutive year (yikes) EIA will provide daily gavel-to-gavel coverage from the floor of the National Education Association Representative Assembly (RA). This year the convention takes place in Orlando, Florida. For those of you who are new to the communiqué, you should know that distribution works a little differently that week.
I will blog each day’s events on Intercepts, which you can check at your convenience, or you can subscribe to the blog’s RSS feed. If you prefer, go to the Intercepts page, where you can sign up for blog updates via automatic e-mail. You need provide only your e-mail address. Feedburner will send you a verification e-mail and then confirm your subscription. From that point on you’ll get one, and only one, e-mail per day with the full text of the content I have added to the blog that day.
The first convention report will be posted July 3 and each evening thereafter until the convention closes on July 6.
You will not receive a communiqué for the next two weeks. On July 13 I will send a communiqué with direct links to all the items I posted on the blog during the week of the convention. That way, no one misses anything.
I will be monitoring e-mail for your questions and comments, but please make allowances for delays in my response. Happy Independence Day!
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics June 16-22:
* When Charters Go Union, Reporters Love Writing About It. Never have so many written so much about so few.
* Who Ratted on Rafe and Why? Famous teacher experiences collegiality.
* NEA’s Presidential Endorsement Dilemma. Timing is everything.
* Call and Response. NEA practices ventriloquism.
Quote of the Week. “The highest priority of civil rights community for improving this law is also the National Education Association’s highest priority to defeat.” – Kati Haycock, president of the Education Trust, speaking about the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. (June 19 Wall Street Journal)
June 15, 2015
California Teacher Retirements Down 8%. It’s hopeless, I’m sure, but let’s see if we can head off the next stampede of California teacher shortage hysteria at the pass.
Thanks to the National Center for Education Statistics, we now know that teacher turnover rates shouldn’t be giving us the vapors anymore. With the people currently working in K-12 mostly staying put, we only have to worry about the two ends of the pipeline: new recruits and retirees.
A study by the National Council on Teacher Quality definitively showed an oversupply of new elementary teacher candidates for the available openings. However, California was one of the few states producing fewer new teachers than demand dictated.
Good news, though. NCTQ’s numbers were for 2012-13, and new data from the California State Teachers Retirement System (CalSTRS) show teacher retirements fell from a high of 11,645 in 2013 to 10,736 last year – a drop of nearly 8 percent.
The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing issued 11,500 new teaching licenses last year. All other factors being equal, supply and demand should be pretty close, especially considering there is a cohort of teachers laid off during the recession years available to return to work.
The CalSTRS report also provided some mild good news for the state’s teacher pension system. Legislation to increase funding was enacted last year, though its effect paled in comparison to the record high market valuation of the system’s investment portfolio. CalSTRS’ net assets grew to $190.5 billion, even though contributions from all sources were down from 2013. The contribution rate for most teachers was increased from 8.15% to 9.2%.
Even with a rosier economic picture, the state’s teacher pension system is only 68.5% funded. It was 85% funded a mere 10 years ago.
The average retiree in 2014 was 62.3 years old with 24.7 years of service credit, for an average pension of $47,268. It’s important to know that the average hides a wide range. In California, teachers are vested after five years. A full 36 percent of the 2014 retirees had fewer than 20 years in the system.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics June 9-15:
* Drive-By Reporting in Alabama. Move along. Nothing to see here.
* AFT Set to Take Over Florida Local. Local president will contest proposed action.
* Conniptions. At the Detroit Federation of Teachers, it’s either Dred Scott or 13 Vendémiaire.
* Challengers Sweep in Hawaii Union Revote. All pau now.
Quote of the Week. “The position of our union is we support mayoral control but not in its current version…. we do not want to go back to the school boards and the Board of Education.” – Michael Mulgrew, president of the United Federation of Teachers. Mayoral control of the schools in New York City is up for reauthorization. (June 11 Capital New York)
June 8, 2015
Which States Took the Worst School Spending Beating During the Recession? The U.S. Census Bureau released its annual Public Education Finances report last week, bringing us per-pupil spending figures for the school year 2012-13. The recession created a bleak picture for a number of states, but others came through it rather well.
Nationally, per-pupil spending grew 4.3 percent between 2008 and 2013, but that average disguises substantial highs and lows among individual states.
Per-pupil spending in 11 states was below what it was in 2007-08. Those states were Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon and Texas. Seven states saw per-pupil spending increase by more than 15 percent over the same period. Those states were Alaska, Connecticut, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota and Pennsylvania.
Student enrollment fell 0.2 percent during those five years, with the drops of more than five percent in Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island.
Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas and Wyoming all experienced enrollment increases of more than five percent.
I have posted a table with the figures for all 50 states here on the EIA web site, and have added the number of full-time equivalent K-12 teachers for each state to the Census Bureau numbers. One caution: Those numbers, from the National Center for Education Statistics’ Common Core of Data, contain unreliable teacher stats for Illinois for 2012-13, and unreliable teacher stats for Virginia for 2007-08. It is safe to say, however, that the national teacher workforce decreased by about 1 percent in those five years.
The K-12 teacher force shrank considerably in California, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Rhode Island and South Dakota, while hiring was up significantly in Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey and Utah.
One state is worth noting because of events that took place in the middle of this period. Wisconsin’s per-pupil spending and spending on employee compensation decreased by about 6 percent during the two years after Act 10 became law. It had been increasing by about 3.5 percent annually during the preceding five years. The state still musters about the same number of teachers, however, with only 74 fewer teachers statewide in 2013 than in 2011. Enrollment fell by about 500 students.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics June 2-8:
* Good News: Teachers’ Union Won’t Test Members for STDs. An itch too far.
* AFT Interns Form Union. Exploitation.
* Former North Dakota Executive Director Named Alabama Education Association Trustee. Some media attention in Alabama, but still dead silence from AEA and NEA.
* Electionpalooza. Who’s in. Who’s out.
* Political Contributions By Occupation. What’s your guess for the profession with the highest percentage of Democratic Party contributors?
Quote of the Week. “While Vellardita claimed he wasn’t privy to financial details of the trust, he explained that the general rise in the cost of health care and new taxes from the Affordable Care Act have increased its expenses while revenue remains flat. He also pointed to the trust’s predominantly female participant pool. ‘The majority of the participants are not a younger pool of participants, so you have claims related to say maternity and other women health issues,’ Vellardita said.” – from a June 7 Las Vegas Review-Journal story, quoting Clark County Education Association executive director John Vellarddita on why the union’s Teachers Health Trust is in financial trouble.
June 1, 2015
The Growing Teacher Union Militancy Movement. Experience and skepticism are useful tools because there are a lot of people out there trying to sell us something. But occasionally these attributes can become a crutch, and I fear I have reached that point when it comes to trends in elections for union officers.
I have routinely maintained that militant rhetoric is required for challengers for union office. It is almost impossible to oust incumbents by promising more collaboration with management. Come election time, union voters want candidates who fight. That’s why I chose the term “militants” to describe them, though it is not as exact a description as I wish.
I define union “militancy” as primarily opposing existing trends, regaining lost ground, and organizing public demonstrations of discontent. While all sorts of unions use rallies and pickets to make a point, militant demonstrations tend to be less scripted and more visceral.
Where I have let experience guide me is in analysis of what happens after a militant is elected. Once in office, the fire-breather is doused with paperwork, competing interests and inevitable compromises, leaving him vulnerable to the next fire-breather. I once called this “the elusive militant incumbent.”
But I have held on to that notion for too long. Something different is happening within the teachers’ unions these days. There are the beginnings of a national militant movement.
It began with the election of Karen Lewis in Chicago, but that did not make the rest inevitable. The Chicago Teachers Union was rare in that it had a long history of leadership changing hands among competing caucuses. Lewis was elected because she united all challengers to win a runoff against the incumbent.
What was unique this time was the perception elsewhere in the country that Lewis’s victory could be replicated by adopting her fighting stance. This still led to defeat in most places but over time the victories started to mount up, and now they can no longer be viewed in isolation.
United Teachers Los Angeles, Detroit Federation of Teachers, United Educators of San Francisco, Newark Teachers Union, Massachusetts Teachers Association, and perhaps soon the Hawaii State Teachers Association have all chosen militancy over incumbency in recent elections. While these wins were not coordinated by a single coalition, they enforced the belief that the traditional line of union succession could be broken.
Now that they have had some success, these same victors will find themselves thwarted by more establishment unionists further advanced in the hierarchy. Their challenge will be to mimic not only Karen Lewis’s rhetoric, but her ability to unite dissident factions against that establishment.
That’s the tricky part, however. There are substantial differences among the militants, not the least of which is that some are AFT and others are NEA. They also have to resist the pull of the establishment. The perks of union leadership can quickly turn bomb-throwers into pencil-pushers.
Internally it can go one of two ways for NEA and AFT. Either a militant slate arises and supports viable challengers for the national executive offices – who then win – or the militants continue to add sporadic electoral victories, existing as a thorn in the side of the union establishment, but never holding more than regional power.
For the rest of us, more militant teacher union leaders will mean significant changes in approach on the largest education policy issues – ESEA, Common Core, teacher evaluations, charter schools, et al. Lip service will end. There will be no joint accountability task forces. Monthly chats with the Secretary of Education will be replaced by sit-ins at his office.
Whether this will rally politicians and the public to the cause or alienate them into open hostility is the great unknown.
The days when NEA and AFT headquarters can declare a single position on an education issue are over. The orthodoxy is being questioned. It could lead to reformation or inquisition, but the faith will never be the same.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics May 27-June 1:
* EIA Exclusive: Alabama Education Association Placed Under NEA Trusteeship. Strange silence from AEA and state media.
* Inside a Union Organizing Drive. Gawking.
* Hawaii Challengers File Suit Against New Election. To no avail.
* The More You Know. Graphic.
Quote of the Week. “With a collective bargaining agreement, a business owner and the employees negotiate an agreement that works for them both. The agreement allows each party to prioritize what is important to them. This provision gives the parties the option, the freedom, to negotiate that agreement. And that is a good thing.” – Rusty Hicks, executive secretary-treasurer of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, which is lobbying for a unionized workplace exception to the county’s new $15 minimum wage law. (May 27 Los Angeles Times)
May 26, 2015
The Stand, The Banned, Supply and Demand. Three stories to look at this week:
* You may recall that earlier this year the National Education Association’s board of directors was unable to agree on a position regarding the proposed constitutional amendment to do away with reduced representation for merged state affiliates.
The amendment would not be a big deal except for the effect on the New York delegation. Should the measure pass, New York State United Teachers could hypothetically send an additional 2,600 voting delegates to the NEA Representative Assembly. No one cares to predict what effect that would have on NEA policy, but the effect would not be zero.
At its May meeting, the NEA board finally took a position and managed a majority vote to oppose the amendment. The convention delegates will still get to vote via secret ballot this July. Absent a compelling reason to enact it, I feel confident predicting the sponsors will not muster the required two-thirds majority. I do, however, expect a heated and lengthy debate over the issue.
* The apparent winners of the disputed Hawaii State Teachers Association election have threatened to file for an injunction if the plans for a new election go forward. Although the first election was by mail and e-mail, the new one will be in person on June 2. It is set for a three-hour window during rush hour at multiple sites, but only two in the city of Honolulu.
The union’s board of directors had the authority to set aside the election, but many of those who voted to do so were on the ballot, and knew the results of their own race before making that decision. For that reason alone I think a judge would put a stop to a revote until further investigation could be done.
This also has some minor repercussions for NEA national, since Hawaii’s delegates to the NEA Representative Assembly were part of the disputed election. If no election results are ratified, no Hawaii delegates can be seated.
* The good folks at the National Council on Teacher Quality showed us why it is a mistake to assume a teacher shortage based on the number of candidates in teacher prep programs. As it turns out, we are producing waaaaay more elementary teachers than the system can reasonably absorb. Here’s the handy dandy NCTQ table.
Couple this with the debunked teacher retention crisis and the drop in teacher conscripts suddenly looks like a rational reaction to an oversupply of elementary school teachers. Labor market magic.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics May 19-26:
* Beating Kids With a Breakfast Club. Good intentions go awry.
* HSTA Letter to Members Re: Disputed Election. Irregularities.
* A Pu Pu Platter of Hawaii Union Election Stories. Hana hou.
* Decisions, Decisions. The Happiest Place on Earth.
Quote of the Week. “Straws in the wind suggest a building backlash…. Organized labor, in retreat for decades, has been reasserting itself within the Democratic Party…. impressions of labor have improved.” – Dana Milbank, columnist for the Washington Post. (May 21 Washington Post)
Steven Greenhouse of the New York Times isn’t around anymore, so congratulations to Milbank for picking up the “union resurgence” mantle.
May 18, 2015
Teachers’ Unions: Masters of the Compartmentalized Argument. No one expects teachers’ unions to approach issues in an objective way. They are advocacy organizations and their role is to present their agenda in the best possible light. Still, unions like to proceed on the assumption that whatever facts they marshal are to be used only in a very restrictive setting.
One example I have used before is the opt-out movement. Even though the same principles of freedom of choice apply, opting out of standardized testing is good, while opting out of sex education (or the union) is bad.
The other day I came across this slide from a California Teachers Association presentation.
Rather than argue that Californians are not stingy – which is what the normal reaction would be – suppose we simply agree that funding has been on a precipitous decline since 1972. The union wants to illustrate a lack of commitment to school funding. But what does the same assertion tell us about the California Teachers Association?
Prominent parts of the union’s mission statement tell us that CTA “exists to protect and promote the well-being of its members; to improve the conditions of teaching and learning.” The union calls itself the “preeminent voice for public education in California.”
Yet in the salad days of 1972, there was no collective bargaining law for teachers in California. Evidently 40 years of CTA efforts have done nothing to forestall the reduction of the state’s school spending ranking from 19th to 42nd.
CTA is not the only union inadvertently undermining its own performance. The American Federation of Teachers recently released the results of an unscientific survey showing an overwhelming majority of teachers to be highly stressed. As the Yahoo! News story said, “It sounds like the worst job ever.”
Again, if we accept this complaint in this context, what does it say about the job AFT has been doing? If by its own admission it can’t protect the interests of its members, then who needs it?
Hyping a teacher shortage in order to boost salaries may have worked, but it also had the unintended effect of driving aspirants into the profession, where they either found trouble getting hired, or were quickly laid off when the recession hit. New candidates will now be gun shy, which could conceivably cause an actual teacher shortage.
The unions often depict principals and school administrators as petty and arbitrary, yet almost all of them were once teachers. Were they that way as teachers? If so, why weren’t they weeded out? Maybe they had union protections to prevent such actions.
Either the unions are powerful and influential, which means they also bear some responsibility for the present state of affairs, or school employees are downtrodden and working under dire conditions, which means their unions are powerless and have not improved those conditions. The unions’ role in the public school system is a package, not a menu.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics May 12-18:
* Where Did You Get That Idea? NEA reports on teacher retention without revisiting its old claims.
* No Aloha After Union Election. Secret results thrown out.
* Vegas Support Workers Union Starting to Implode. Circular firing squad.
* Call the Secret Service. Some students may be poverty-stricken, but the education system isn’t.
Quote of the Week #1. “We have a long way to go before we restore the programs in education and social services we lost to a decade of budget cuts.” – Joshua Pechthalt, president of the California Federation of Teachers, commenting on Gov. Brown’s May budget revision. (May 14 EdSource)
Quote of the Week #2. “The Legislative Analyst’s Office estimates that extra revenue in the May budget revision will raise K-12 Proposition 98 funding to $9,978 per student – $656 per student higher than the inflation-adjusted, pre-recession spending level in 2007-08.” – a caption from a chart in the same story.
May 11, 2015
“Taxes Unfair!” Shout Tax-Exempt Groups. A “wide coalition of organizations, community leaders and individuals” wants to split California’s property tax rolls to swell the state’s coffers.
The group, called Make It Fair, seeks to “make California’s tax code fair to all by phasing out loopholes in Prop. 13 that have allowed a handful of giant corporations and America’s wealthiest commercial property owners to dramatically lower their obligations to California families.”
According to a study by researchers at the University of Southern California, the change would raise an additional $8.2 billion to $10.2 billion annually.
That’s their story. You might want to be aware of a few more details.
The “wide coalition” is a handful of public employees’ unions and other tax-exempt organizations, including the California Teachers Association, California Federation of Teachers and United Teachers Los Angeles.
It commissioned the USC study it cites and although the unions want you to think their measure only targets the super-rich, the revenue estimate was based on increasing the taxes of all commercial property, which would include the bodega down the street or your dentist’s office.
What isn’t clear from any communication or posting by Make It Fair is whether the unions or advocacy groups involved would be exempt from any property reassessment.
The California Teachers Association, for example, benefits as much as anyone from low property taxes in California. Last year the union paid just over $265,000 in property tax on its headquarters building in Burlingame, the assessed value of which is almost $22.4 million. CTA’s property taxes have increased a total of only $40,000 over the last 11 years.
Unlike California’s giant corporations and wealthy property owners, CTA is able to collect approximately $185 million in annual income without paying a dime of corporate franchise or income tax. It then uses the bulk of that tax-exempt income to leverage more income for itself by taxing others at increased rates.
By all means, let’s make it fair.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics May 5-11:
* Well, Not EVERYONE…. Stakeholders vs. bag holders.
* A First in the History of Collective Bargaining. Unnecessary.
* Newsworthy in Michigan. Stationed only at the entrance.
* Slow News Day – Education Edition. Filling space.
Quote of the Week #1. “Mostly, teacher unions do what is required of them under the law. They negotiate contracts, fulfill their statutory responsibility to represent teachers whether they are members or not, grieve when the contract is violated, and raise a little hell.” – Charles Taylor Kerchner. (May 6 Education Week)
Quote of the Week #2. “We have 12 million members [in the AFL-CIO]. People will talk about the negativity: from 10 years ago, we were at 16 million, now we’re down to 12 million. But then the positive thing is, we’re at 12 million. How many other organizations have 12 million? How many other organizations have a $4 billion cash flow? How many organizations have a $150 million budget?” – Randy Parraz, governance, organizational and leadership development coordinator for the western region of the AFL-CIO. (May 10 Buffalo News)
May 4, 2015
Teacher Turnover Turned Over. If you have followed education reporting at all for the past 20 years, you have seen the headlines:
Then last week, out of nowhere, we get this Washington Post headline: “Study: Far fewer new teachers are leaving the profession than previously thought.”
The National Center for Education Statistics found that only 17 percent of new teachers had left the profession over a four-year period. Of the ones who did leave, between one-quarter and one-third were dismissed or non-renewed. Seventy percent of new teachers were still in the same school four years later.
This does not end the debate, of course. The NCES data covers a period during a deep recession, when everyone is less likely to leave a profession. It does, however, suddenly add all sorts of previously missing context and exposes those who were happy to spread alarmist rhetoric because it suited their purposes.
The mantra of “half of all new teachers leave within five years” has been repeated so often it has lost any meaning. Now we are hearing clarifications we never heard before.
Richard M. Ingersoll, the nation’s leading authority on teacher retention and turnover, called it “a crude approximation” last week. Perhaps he has always said so, but I cannot find a headline that reads “Half of Teachers Quit in 5 Years, According to Professor’s Crude Approximation.” Ingersoll added that his estimate included private school teachers. Funny, that didn’t seem to make the cut in all those stories either.
Observers are now trying to determine if this is a hiccup, a product of our economic times, or the effect of recent education policies. I suggest it is none of these things, and that teacher turnover is, and has been, relatively steady at a relatively low rate.
Back in March 2001, NCES researchers completed a similar exercise. They identified full-time employees who held bachelor’s degrees in April 1994 and tracked them until April 1997 to see who were working in the same profession three years later.
Eighty-two percent of K-12 teachers were still teaching K-12 three years later, the second highest retention rate of all professions. Only those in health occupations, at 83 percent, stayed in the same profession at a higher rate. Here’s the relevant chart.
None of this even touches the question of why teachers leave the profession. All of the usual offerings – poor pay, lack of respect, standardized testing – rank a lot lower than the personal reasons we all have for changing jobs – spouse relocating, having children, poor health.
The important thing to remember in this and other data-related cases is that inaccurate, incomplete or misunderstood statistics hurt no one. They are purely academic. It is only when those numbers are used to support and justify public policy that ends up costing us in resources and missed opportunities.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics April 28-May 4:
* WEAC Tries to Revive Merger. Slow going.
* McCarthyism. Union believes zombie is hampering its organizing drive.
* The Law of Averages. Comparing Apple to oranges.
* Merry-Go-Round. New set of teachers recruited to be laid off in two years.
Quote of the Week. “”Obviously, it was orchestrated by the teachers union to not let the bill out. It was purely political.” – California State Rep. Shirley Weber (D-Los Angeles), commenting on the killing of her bill in the Assembly Education Committee. Weber’s bill allowed, but did not mandate, use of student test scores in teacher evaluations. (May 1 LA Weekly)
April 27, 2015
Agency Fee: You Are What You Eat. AFSCME wants us to know that “sometimes complex court rulings can best be understood with the simplest of explanations.” So the union created a 90-second cartoon “that uses the analogy of friends going to dinner to puncture the logic of a new court challenge to ‘fair share’ fees.”
Oh, that’s simple all right.
I love it when unions go into the animation business, and I do like the restaurant analogy, but I’m afraid AFSCME didn’t get the fable exactly right. Let’s send it to rewrite, and add in the actual aspects of agency fee that give some people agita.
Before you were born, a group of people voted about where you would eat. You don’t get to pick between Sizzler and Applebee’s. You either go to the Union Restaurant that has been chosen for you or you don’t eat at all.
When you explain that you don’t want to go the Union Restaurant, you are told how great the Union Restaurant is, about the wonderful food it has, and how important it is to support the Union Restaurant because the Evil Corporate Restaurant Chain is trying to undermine it by offering good food at prices people can afford.
At the Union Restaurant, you don’t get to order from the menu. The approved meal is placed in front of you. It’s liver. You don’t like liver. When you mention this, you receive a lecture on how great liver is. Everyone loves liver. You should eat your liver.
Besides, you are told, we all voted and democratically chose liver for you. “I didn’t get a vote,” you say. Well, that’s simple. It’s because you didn’t leave the customary donation for the butcher or the chef. Only then do you get to vote on the entrée, which will end up being liver, regardless.
If you refuse to eat the liver, and refuse to pay for something you don’t like and didn’t order, you will be called names like “freeloader.” Then they will forcibly take your wallet from you and remove the cash.
Not only do you pay for the meal you don’t want, but you have to chip in to pay for the meals of the people who chose the Union Restaurant and ordered the liver for you. But they’re not eating liver. They’re not at Sizzler or Applebee’s. They’re eating quail at Marché.
This might just explain why 89 percent of American workers don’t eat at the Union Restaurant, and prefer to make their own choices about where to eat, what to eat, and how much to pay for it.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics April 21-27:
* Common Core vs. Common Knowledge. Vox populi says, “Dunno.”
* Listen to Yourself. Reverse field.
* WEAC: Our Prices Are Insane!!! How to run a small business in a free market.
* Fight the Power. Unfair.
* Membership Numbers for Every Oregon Education Association Local. Just nice to know.
Quote of the Week. “Every group has its ideologues, you know, the folks who are very positional and passionate about specific issues. Teachers are no different from any other group in that regard. And I believe that many of the BATs fit into that category concerning the Common Core…. I’m a member and I’m on the national Badass Teacher site and I’m on the California site. And one of the things that I’ve noticed is that it is often the same people who are posting. And I used to engage them, but it just got too vitriolic. They don’t like differences of opinion, so I stopped doing that.” – Dean Vogel, outgoing president of the California Teachers Association, speaking about the Badass Teachers Association. (April 22 Education Week)
April 20, 2015
20 NEA State Affiliates Have Fewer Members Than in 1994. In 1994 the National Education Association had 2.2 million members. In the years since, the union has increased its numbers by 800,000. During a period of time when the number of full-time equivalent classroom teachers grew by 553,000 it appears to be quite an achievement.
But a closer look at the state numbers show that NEA’s strength for the last 20 years has been concentrated in a handful of affiliates, and that mergers with American Federation of Teachers affiliates account for more than half of the union’s growth.
NEA affiliates in California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Massachusetts accounted for 271,000 additional members since 1994. Mergers in Florida, Minnesota, Montana and New York added 460,000 more to the national member total on paper but little to the NEA coffers since the dues are split with AFT according to pre-merger membership numbers.
While those affiliates prospered, 20 others actually have fewer members today than they did in 1994. They are:
Arizona Education Association
Arkansas Education Association
Idaho Education Association
Indiana State Teachers Association
Iowa State Education Association
Louisiana Association of Educators
Maine Education Association
Mississippi Association of Educators
North Carolina Association of Educators
Oklahoma Education Association
South Carolina Education Association
South Dakota Education Association
Texas State Teachers Association
Utah Education Association
Virginia Education Association
West Virginia Education Association
Wisconsin Education Association Council
Wyoming Education Association
Federal Education Association
There are others that made the cut for 1994 but whose best years are behind them. The membership numbers for Tennessee are below 1996 level, Georgia and Michigan are below 1998 levels, Ohio and Oregon below 2000 levels, and if Nevada loses its education support members to the Teamsters, as is likely, it will fall below 1997 level.
NEA may rebound from recent membership losses, but it will be even more dependent than it already is on recruitment, hiring and legislation in those few states that account for its growth. Trends in the weak affiliates have gone on for so long there appears to be no prospect of reversal.
Is there a tipping point, after which the strong can no longer support the weak? It isn’t here yet, but this is not a problem that will solve itself.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics April 14-20:
* Finnished. Questions the education tourists fail to ask.
* The Opt-Out Movement Marches On. Unintended consequences.
* Throwback Thursday: The Tornillo Memo. A reminder from the archives about the ability to deny reality.
* The Coming Student Shortage. Smaller classes or smaller staffs?
* Union Getting Involved in Your, Uh, Unions. Mission creep.
Quote of the Week. “We believe that when people have a chance to hear these issues presented more fully they are far more likely to see the value in current due process protections and layoff procedures.” – Frank Wells, a spokesman for the California Teachers Association, reacting to a survey showing only 8 percent of respondents thought seniority was the best factor to use when considering layoffs. (April 13 Los Angeles Times)
April 13, 2015
Are Union Elections Getting More Competitive? Union officer elections traditionally have about as much drama and suspense as succession to the British throne. There have been exceptions, of course. Karen Lewis is only the latest in a series of power shifts in the Chicago Teachers Union, the last election of the New York State United Teachers was filled with intrigue, and a few more radical unionists have defeated collaborative incumbents.
Still, in most places the only real contests are to enter the funnel of leadership – usually the position of secretary-treasurer. You then work your way in turn to vice president and president. What’s missing is any policy distinction between candidates. They could easily exchange platforms and speeches and no one would be the wiser.
It’s with that in mind that I find the results of last weekend’s election for executive officers of the California Teachers Association interesting. The outcomes gave us a little bit of everything, which is highly unusual and may signal a small move toward (gasp) actual democracy within the union, with differing viewpoints and everything!
Incumbent CTA president Dean Vogel was term-limited out, leaving incumbent vice president Eric C. Heins to step in. The union’s State Council complied, giving Heins 76.5 percent of the vote. Perennial candidate Mark Airgood, running to the left of Heins, garnered only 6 percent. But a third candidate, Michelle Raley, picked up 17.3 percent of the vote.
Raley, a State Council member from Eureka, is upset about the way CTA does business, telling the assembly that “CTA politics has destroyed our credibility as a group.” She questioned the union’s embrace of “appreciative inquiry,” saying many activists thought it was “crap.” She noted that members pay a lot of money to CTA but that the state union “has no legal responsibility to ever represent any individual member.” (That’s the responsibility of the local affiliate.)
Moreover, she claimed she has been routinely denied access to CTA documents, in particular the professional staff contract.
I hate to see union activists without such critical documents. Although I do not have a copy of the full contract, I have posted the details of the tentative agreement the two sides reached last year on the current contract. The two Adobe Acrobat files are available on EIA’s Declassified page.
Although Raley’s candidacy and results are noteworthy, I would not want you to think CTA is now battling a groundswell of dissension, at least not from an transparency and accountability faction. The results of the vice presidential election were quite different.
Incumbent secretary-treasurer Mikki Cichocki tried to move up one rung but was narrowly outvoted by CTA director Theresa Montaño. Montaño is a professor of Chicana/o Studies at California State University, Northridge, and her politics are typical of California higher education faculty.
For example, she wrote a blurb for “Undoing Whiteness in the Classroom” by Virginia Lea and Erma Jean Sims, which, despite the title, is not a coloring book. Montaño praised the authors for providing teachers with “realistic and meaningful classroom activities aimed at disrupting white privilege in a classroom setting. Lea and Sims acknowledge that challenging whiteness is a difficult process, but one in which white students are more likely to participate ‘if they do not feel blamed for embodying it’ (Lea and Sims, introduction). By reading this book, those who are committed to educational justice will add to their repertoire of educational theories and pedagogy and engage in the process of undoing whiteness, creatively, artistically, and critically.”
But it also would be wrong to suggest this indicates a wholesale movement to the left. The election for secretary-treasurer featured six hopefuls, ending in a run-off between establishment candidates Dana Dillon (on the board of the state teacher pension system) and David B. Goldberg (former UTLA treasurer). Goldberg won the run-off.
So while viewpoints within the leadership and representative bodies of the California Teachers Association have always run the gamut from A to B, here’s hoping this election indicates a marginal expansion of the alphabet.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics April 7-13:
* Pearson & edTPA: Evil or Not? Get your stories straight.
* Who Should Be Humbled? Losing is not victory.
* Another Victory for the Opt-Out Movement. Apparently there’s a long list of things you can opt out of.
* AFT Adds 1,300 Alaska Nurses. Teachers’ union?
Quote of the Week. “All this rallying gets us nowhere.” – Ivy Bailey, executive vice president of the Detroit Federation of Teachers, expressing displeasure with the agenda of DFT president Steve Conn. (April 12 Detroit News)
April 6, 2015
Turning the Tables. The National Education Association wants you to know what a horrible job we are doing matching education employee hiring with student enrollment. The union illustrates with this:
I could spend a lot of time with these numbers, but I was interested to know why NEA used Projections of Education Statistics to 2022 from the National Center for Education Statistics for its student enrollment numbers. That publication was released in February 2014 and contains actual numbers only through 2011. I still don’t know why, but I found a couple of tables of my own from that study.
The first one depicts public school enrollment, only it is scaled in millions and its base value is zero, rather than the 48 million depicted on the NEA table. The text tells us that public school K-12 enrollment “increased 7 percent between 1997 and 2011; and is projected to increase 7 percent between 2011 and 2022.”
The second one depicts K-12 teacher staffing levels – again scaled in millions with zero at its base, instead of the 7.6 million on the NEA table. The text reads, “The number of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools increased 13 percent between 1997 and 2011; and is projected to increase 13 percent between 2011 and 2022.”
It has often been said that everyone is a teacher. Someday that may be literally true.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics March 31-April 6:
* I Support the Opt-Out Movement. But why stop at tests?
* Drill and Kill. Standardized press releases.
* So Easy to Predict. Omerta.
* Help Revitalize Latham. Space available.
Quote of the Week. “Most of the turnover is driven by school conditions. Salary is not the main thing. It’s important, but not the main thing. And that’s an important finding because the teaching force is so large – it’s now America’s largest occupation – that raising everyone’s salaries is a very expensive proposition.” – Richard Ingersoll, professor of education and sociology, University of Pennsylvania. (March 30 National Public Radio)
March 30, 2015
“We know we could experience an immediate, short-term loss of membership.” Last year I posted a PowerPoint presentation from the California Teachers Association titled “Not if, but when: Living in a world without Fair Share.” It illustrated CTA’s own belief that the U.S. Supreme Court is likely to overturn agency fee laws across the nation.
But CTA is not alone in its belief. NEA itself is trying to prepare all of its state affiliates for the inevitable day when they have to recruit all their members, and not rely on the threat of loss of their jobs to persuade reluctant teachers to join or pay agency fees.
The union created “Engaging Members and Leaders in a Non-Agency Fee World: A Toolkit” to assist those affiliates in recruiting and retaining members in a free and competitive market. NEA warns them, “we know we could experience an immediate, short-term loss of membership.”
I have posted the full 28-page document online and it is accessible through EIA’s Declassified page. Read through it all, but here are a few highlights:
* “Recognize that this kind of campaign is now the new way you do business – it is not a short-term strategy.”
* “Consider a ‘recommitment campaign’ in which every member is visited and asked to do something public to demonstrate his/her support for the union.”
* “Create a video with our president and a member who will do a ‘what do I get for my dues’ message.” (No mention of whether “You’ll get a video telling you what you get for your dues” will be part of the message.)
* “Develop an ‘app’.”
NEA emphasizes that many teachers don’t join simply because they aren’t asked, but then there are the rest of you deadbeats, who “are always looking for an excuse not to pay their fair share.”
When agency fee is lifted, the effect on the membership of the incumbent union is clear. But I have not seen anyone address the possible effect on rival or new unions, once teachers are relieved of the requirement of joining or paying the dominant union exclusively. Might not districts everywhere have both NEA and AFT members? Could existing unions enter the teacher market? Could teacher unions with different goals or strategies emerge? Who knows? It could herald a new age of teacher representation.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics March 24-30:
* NEA Shows It’s Serious About 2016 By Sending Letter to John Bolton. Standardized test for gullibility.
* Transparent. Even glass houses are transparent.
* Craps. NEA’s Nevada affiliates are cleaning house.
* Hot Tips from the Hoosegow. Still teaching.
Quote of the Week. “Oklahoma is in the midst of a historic teacher shortage that has reached crisis proportions.” – Joy Hofmeister, Oklahoma State Superintendent of Public Instruction. (March 29 NewsOK.com)
Number of K-12 public school classroom teachers in Oklahoma, 2010-11 – 41,326
Number of K-12 public school classroom teachers in Oklahoma, 2013-14 – 41,949
Number of K-12 public school classroom teachers in Oklahoma, 2014-15 – 42,027 (est.)
March 23, 2015
Rock the Union. Younger teachers are less connected to their unions than their older colleagues are. The unions are very aware of this, and the National Education Association in particular is making outreach to its newest members a high priority. Whether this can be done without sacrificing the support of veteran members remains to be seen. Still, the ability of NEA headquarters to craft a campaign has never been in dispute.
In 2013, the union partnered with Teach Plus to develop a program and last year they produced “Rock the Union: An Action Plan to Engage Early Career Teachers & Elevate the Profession.” NEA called the report “groundbreaking” and included a workshop on its findings in a recent leadership summit. Oh, and they created a PowToon to introduce it.
I have posted the report on the EIA web site. You can access it and other union documents on the Declassified page. It is short and I want to encourage you to read it all, so here I will just cite a few lines.
* “We want our union to be led by effective teachers who welcome divergent perspectives and critical thinking in their classrooms and in their union meetings.”
* “In fact, when many of us attend union meetings, we will not hear the word ‘student’ uttered at all.
* “We want our union leaders, first and foremost, to be great teachers so that they enable a culture of professionalism and student-centered decision making to flourish….One constant for all building rep positions is that there is no way to ensure that they are effective teachers.”
* “Teachers can disengage from the union when meetings turn into yelling matches where site reps speak disparagingly about administration in a way that contributes to an adversarial ‘us vs. them’ culture. It is frustrating when union leaders appear to blanket all external support partners with suspicion and ill intent.”
* “Most importantly, it is unclear how to advocate for change within the union or to use the union as an avenue to advocate for improved change at any level, be it school site, district, state, or national. It seems that most of this knowledge lies within the realm of those serving in positions of leadership and is selectively disseminated to those chosen to receive it.”
* “There is a ‘wait your turn’ mentality that early career teachers often come up against so that we are made to feel that our voice does not matter. Most of us have experienced our divergent opinions dismissed as wrong and/or naive because we have fewer years in the classroom.”
In keeping with the report’s findings, it seems this information is being shared only among union activists, officers and staff. As far as I can discern, it has not been widely disseminated, which I hope to rectify here. Check it out.
Story Update. After our story “California Teachers Association Fired Staff Union President” we received the following communication: “Thank you for your article regarding CTA’s firing of California Associate Staff President, Katie Mullins. CAS’ position is not one that implies Katie was due any discipline, progressive or otherwise. Our position is that CTA has wrongfully terminated our President and is behaving badly and unlike a union.”
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics March 17-23:
* There Are Three Sides to Any NEA Story. Your angle is less than right.
* Fear Is the Path to the Dark Side. An invitation.
* If At First You Don’t Secede…. Just when I thought I was out, they pull me back in.
* Shot Across the Bow. Teachsters in Las Vegas?
* NEA Leadership Summit Sessions. “Fighting Predatory Municipal Finance Deals” and other crucial education issues.
Quote of the Week. “I wouldn’t be able to do a very good job as president of an organization as big as JCTA, but neither is our current president.” – Kris Tatro, candidate for president of the Jefferson County Teachers Association in Kentucky. Tatro and two others teachers are running against the 14-year incumbent, Brent McKim, as a protest against the way the union is handling pension issues. Tatro said she doesn’t actually want to be president. (March 18 Louisville Courier-Journal)
March 16, 2015
“Our membership numbers are for internal use only.” The South Bend Tribune published a piece yesterday with the headline “Teacher unions in decline.” It aimed to show, through national membership numbers and those of local affiliates of the Indiana State Teachers Association (ISTA), that teachers were less likely to join the union since a 2011 law went into effect limiting the scope of collective bargaining.
The article was not unsympathetic, allowing the unions plenty of space to promote their mission and blame their losses on deteriorating working conditions. Still, only a few local officers were willing to share membership numbers with Tribune reporter Kim Kilbride, and others were, well, abrupt.
South Bend schools’ teachers union president declined to release membership numbers for this story, as did John Pavy, the Indiana State Teachers Union UniServ director for this area, who came to the job about five weeks ago. Membership data is not readily available. And, Pavy said Tuesday, he didn’t have time to gather it.
…Terry Grembowicz, South Bend schools’ teachers union president, wouldn’t say whether membership has declined since 2011.
“Our membership numbers are for internal use only,” she wrote in an email.
Teachers’ unions are a lot more forthcoming with membership figures when they are rising, so this reluctance signals bad news.
It has long been my mission to tell you what the teachers’ unions don’t want to tell you. I’m limited by the fact that I don’t have the membership numbers for every ISTA local for 2011. Fortunately, I do have the membership numbers for every ISTA local for 2009 and 2014, so we can at least draw reasonable assumptions about the union’s health.
First, here are the 2009 figures for the locals in the South Bend area:
Mishawaka – 338
Penn-Harris-Madison – 455
Plymouth – 138
NEA South Bend – 1,234
Here are the figures for the same locals as of September 2014:
Mishawaka – 254 (down 24.9%)
Penn-Harris-Madison – 379 (down 16.7%)
Plymouth – 107 (down 22.5%)
NEA South Bend – 888 (down 28%)
Statewide, ISTA went from 51,139 members in 2009 to 39,247 in 2014, a decrease of 23.3 percent. As bad as that looks, the reality is even worse. ISTA actually had almost 800 more retired members in 2014 than it did in 2009. When an active member becomes a retired member, it’s a wash in terms of membership numbers, but it’s a loss of hundreds of dollars of dues revenue for the local, state and national unions.
Actually, 2009 is a much better year for comparison of ISTA’s numbers. Though the Tribune story fails to mention it, the union’s troubles were only exacerbated by the 2011 collective bargaining law. ISTA hit the iceberg in 2009, when the collapse of its insurance trust threatened to send the entire organization beneath the waves. Without an NEA bailout and ongoing subsidies, Indiana’s teachers’ unions wouldn’t be “in decline.” They would be a labor history footnote.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics March 10-16:
* Flash! Ohio Education Association May Have Increased Membership By 0.0076%. Imagine if they had received 6 votes.
* It Was Only a Matter of Time…. NPR brings back the teacher shortage.
* Not Enough? Too Many? It’s a Crisis, Either Way. Contradicted by its California affiliate.
* NEA Names PBS Chief 2015 Friend of Education. From Downton Abbey to downtown Orlando.
Quote of the Week. “The new system they are creating is very different from the system implemented under NCLB. In fact, in their aspirational vision, the word ‘accountability’ doesn’t even exist.” – from an insider’s description of the ongoing work of NEA’s Accountability Task Force, formed at the union’s Representative Assembly last July.
March 9, 2015
NEA’s Great Public Schools Fund Could Become Another Political War Chest. In 2013, delegates to the National Education Association Representative Assembly (RA) approved a $3 dues increase to subsidize the national union’s Great Public Schools Fund. The idea was to create and encourage union-led education reform initiatives that would “support and ensure quality professional practice at every level.”
Most of the first grants went to promote the union’s stance on the Common Core State Standards. Now the fund’s oversight committee, made up entirely of high-ranking NEA officers, wants to revise the fund guidelines in an as yet undisclosed way.
Whatever they have in mind may be overrun by the delegates to this year’s RA. A proposed amendment to the union’s bylaws would change the scope of the Great Public Schools Fund to include “defending public education against privatization” and requiring that 50 percent of the funds go toward organizing charter schools.
It is not at all clear that the proposed amendment has widespread support, since the GPS Fund was specifically designed not to be used for activities covered by other NEA programs or funds.
It does demonstrate yet again that union efforts to present the public with a positive agenda and image – sincere and otherwise – keep running up against the wishes of its own activists. NEA cannot simultaneously be the champion and opponent of education reform. Nor can it credibly organize charter school teachers while simultaneously trying to shut down, cap and hamstring their schools.
Whatever changes are made, one thing is certain: members won’t be getting their $3 back.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics March 3-9:
* Test vs. Trust. The United Federation of Teachers and its charter school demonstrate why we have those standardized tests.
* NEA Names New Political Director. Promotion from within, but with an SEIU background.
* “Fair Share” vs. Free Association. Representing only those who want to be represented.
* NEA Sends Another $250K to Washington State. Buying new members.
* Massachusetts Teachers Association Moves to the ‘Burbs. Bye-bye Boston.
Quote of the Week. “I am a sixth-grade teacher from a ‘right-to-work-for-less’ state. I will tell you they passed that specifically to cut my pay.” – Lily Eskelsen Garcia, president of the National Education Association. (March 7 West Virginia Gazette)
The Utah right-to-work law was enacted in 1955, the year Eskelsen Garcia was born. The average instructional staff salary in 1949-50 in Utah was $3,103. The average in 1959-60 was $5,096, an increase of 32.4% in inflation-adjusted dollars over those 10 years.
March 2, 2015
One Member-One Vote or Creeping Merger? Each year at the National Education Association Representative Assembly (RA), delegates have the opportunity to submit constitutional amendments for the following year’s delegates to debate and vote upon. This year two amendments have the potential of altering the operations of the union and awakening the dormant question of merger with the American Federation of Teachers. They are already causing a lot of friction within NEA.
Constitutional Amendment 1, requiring a two-thirds majority by secret ballot at this year’s convention in Orlando in July, would repeal NEA’s current practice of reducing the representation of its five merged state affiliates according to what proportion of that state’s teacher union members belonged to NEA before the merger. It also divides national dues with AFT according to these proportions.
To use the most recent example, North Dakota United can seat about 81 percent of the delegates their membership numbers would normally allow, since 19 percent of the total were originally members of North Dakota’s AFT affiliate. Montana seats almost 71% and Education Minnesota about 69%.
If it were just those states, the amendment would probably pass, as it would make little difference in a sea of about 7,000 delegates. The problem is Florida and New York.
Almost 47 percent of the membership of the Florida Education Association originally belonged to the AFT, and in New York it is almost 92 percent. If the amendment passes, Florida could double the size of its delegation and New York’s delegation could increase almost twelvefold.
On most issues before the Representative Assembly, the addition of delegates from the five merged affiliates would have little effect. The views of the merged affiliates are almost indistinguishable from those of the NEA-only affiliates… except on one issue: merger.
Almost by definition, the merged affiliates are pro-merger. Those additional votes, paired with less animosity towards the AFL-CIO than existed in 1998 during the last national merger attempt, stagnant membership, diminished political power, and a concerted internal campaign could be enough to make a future national merger vote very interesting indeed.
Merger raises passions within NEA unlike any other issue. The union’s board of directors votes on each constitutional amendment to be presented to the RA delegates. As a group, the board could not settle on a position for or against the proposal, even after a long debate. It will have another opportunity to do so in May, but the board will not be able to present a united front on the issue, leaving the amendment open to what promises to be a lively floor debate and a secret ballot vote at the convention.
The second constitutional amendment might not seem to be related, but it is. It would reduce the frequency of the NEA RA from annually to once every two years starting in 2020. The AFT Convention is held only biannually and that difference was instrumental in the failed merger attempt in 1998.
From what I can tell, there remains no burgeoning support for anything with the word “merger” in it, but changes like these lay the groundwork for future measures. Brick by brick, the obstacles are removed or diminished until it only makes sense to try another vote. When it does, there will be hundreds more pro-merger votes that did not exist before.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics February 18-March 2:
* Other Shoe Drops in Alabama, Boot to Follow. Executive director canned, cover-up begins.
* Minnesota Teacher of the Year Talks About Unions. “Unwelcome in union spaces.”
* Bad Day for Local Officers. Money and sex.
Quote of the Week. “We haven’t been given a raise in eight years, yet my apartment has gone from $750 to $1,800 a month and I’m expected to pay that on the same salary.” – High school algebra teacher Luis Blazer, demanding higher pay from the Los Angeles Unified School District during a protest. (February 26 Los Angeles Times)
Blazer’s rent is a separate issue, but if he is making the same salary as he was eight years ago, he needs to contact his union rep. In 2006-07, the minimum LAUSD teacher’s salary was $43,054. This year, that same teacher will be making no less than $49,260. A teacher at the top of the scale in 2006-07 made $75,541. A top wage today is $80,074.
February 17, 2015
Will Teachers’ Unions Exit Stage Left? We established last week that cognitive linguistic analysis would not be the salvation of teachers’ unions. Recent events dictate we revisit the possibility that teachers’ unions will revitalize themselves by moving to the left.
Yes, yes, I know many of you think there cannot possibly be any room remaining to them on that side, but it isn’t true. The officers and executive staff of NEA and AFT are committed liberals, but they are also very wealthy individuals overseeing a billion-dollar private enterprise. No matter what you hear coming out of their mouths, they won’t be leading the revolution, believe me.
But times are bad, and that is leading to upheaval in the ranks. Union activists further to the left than their superiors have been elected to lead large locals and one state affiliate. They believe they are approaching a critical mass to push the teacher union movement as a whole to the left.
Bob Peterson, president of the Milwaukee Teachers Education Association, is a long-time class warrior and recently had a manifesto reprinted in the pages of In These Times. It contains all the rhetoric you would expect, and a few targets you would not. Peterson decries teachers’ unions utilizing “a business model that is so dependent on staff providing services that it disempowers members and concentrates power in the hands of a small group of elected leaders and/or paid staff.”
Over at Counterpunch, union activists Ann Robertson and Bill Leumer also feel their unions are too enamored of the corporate model. They believe the only avenue open to them “will require breaking with the Democrats and acting independently by creating a huge mass movement that would demand our education operate above all in the interests of the people, not the corporations. Parents, teachers and students have already taken the first step in this direction. But their strength would be multiplied many times over if the teacher unions would join them, throw their vast resources into the struggle, and encourage all the other unions to do the same.”
This is the kind of stuff that can propel leftists into a union’s power positions, but also sows the seeds of their demise. I don’t see any reason to alter my previous analysis that organizing around social issues may be a winning strategy “as long as those issues are general and amorphous.” Everyone wants education to operate “in the interests of the people.” But how do the people express those interests? The people of Wisconsin keep reelecting Scott Walker as governor, which Peterson explains as Walker convincing “vast swaths of the white working class to vote their prejudice, not their class interests.”
It’s hell when the interests of the people don’t coincide with what you think they ought to be.
Peterson isn’t content with remaking his union. He wants to remake the classroom as well. “A key, but less talked about, aspect of social justice unionism is promoting social justice content in our curriculum,” he writes. “We need to fight for curriculum that is anti-racist, pro-justice and that prepares our students for the civic and ecological challenges ahead.”
The reason it is “less talked about” is because there is no widespread support for the kind of curriculum Peterson wants. It was only 10 years ago that Peterson’s approach to mathematics was blasted by none other than Diane Ravitch.
This more militant strain of unionism is a nostalgic shadow of the Sixties, with its reliance on rallies, street protests and industrial action. Perhaps that was inevitable given that the so-called business model of unionism depends on campaigns, media buys and lobbying. There will be more Petersons, and Madelonis, and Conns, and Lewises in the coming years. But they will run up against the same nagging problem: What do you do about the people who disagree with you?
You can accommodate or you can purge. One compromises your ideological principles and the other shrinks your movement. Most choose the former, which means the firebrand of today eventually becomes the target of the firebrands of tomorrow.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics February 10-17:
* Union Protesters Demand Action From House… An Actual House. Milwaukee teacher union activists take parental involvement to a new level.
* New Simple Majority Election Ordered in Las Vegas. What the union denounces in Wisconsin it defends in Nevada.
Scheduling Note. There will be no communiqué next week. We’ll return on Monday, March 2.
Quote of the Week. “The EMRB has clearly overstepped its authority and we are confident the courts will overturn its order.” – Brian Christensen, executive director of the Education Support Employees Association, after the Nevada Employee-Management Relations Board called for a new representation election that would require a simple majority of votes to win. (February 12 Las Vegas Review-Journal)
February 9, 2015
NEA’s Troubles Won’t Be Reversed by Cognitive Linguistic Analysis. Over at The Daily Beast, Conor P. Williams declassified an internal document that NEA commissioned from pollster Celinda Lake detailing which words to avoid and which to embrace when talking about education reform. And the most important recommendation was to avoid talking about “education reform.”
“Using cognitive linguistic analysis, we deconstructed current language to determine what to test,” the document states. “Much existing language uses abstractions and ineffective jargon, like education reform that imply public schools are problematic and fail to spell out tangible gains for students from our policy preferences.”
The report recommends “education improvement” or “education excellence” instead of “education reform.” And it appears NEA has already put these recommendations into practice. During her “cloven-hoofed minions” speech in Ohio last December, NEA president Lily Eskelsen said, “How are we going to talk about our side? We are not going to use the word ‘reform.’ I used to try. Let’s capture that good word back. I’d say we want whole child reform. What we found out from focus groups and polls, whenever anyone uses the word ‘reform,’ they think something is corrupt and needs to be blown up and start all over again. We know that some of the best schools in the world are our public schools that have sufficient resources to do an amazing job. There is no need to blow up a public school system. So we are going to talk about getting serious about real education improvements for the whole child.”
This is not the first time NEA has sought solutions in public relations, nor will it be the last. The one thing the union never considers is that its stated communications strategy might be working perfectly. Perhaps the public understands exactly what NEA does, what it wants, and what it stands for. Maybe that’s the problem.
No-Votes and “No” Votes. Teamsters Local 14 in Las Vegas has long desired to unseat the NEA-affiliated Education Support Employees Association (ESEA) as the exclusive bargaining representative of the 11,258 support workers for the Clark County School District. Back in 2006, the Teamsters even won a representation election over ESEA by the lopsided margin of 2,711 to 1,932.
The problem for the Teamsters was, and remains to this day, that state law requires a majority vote of the entire bargaining unit. In essence, no vote at all is a vote for the incumbent ESEA.
Now, nine years later, the Teamsters were able to force another vote. And the margin was even greater. There were 3,692 votes (71.1%) for the Teamsters and only 1,498 votes for ESEA. But if every single vote cast had been for the Teamsters, it still would not have been enough to oust ESEA.
The Teamsters are pinning their hopes on two things: 1) that on Wednesday the state labor relations board awards the election to the Teamsters (unlikely); and 2) that they can prove ESEA doesn’t have a majority of the bargaining unit as dues-paying members (possible).
Even with the extraordinary advantages of incumbency, ESEA is hanging on by a thread. NEA might have to chalk up another few thousand member loss very soon.
“I’d Like to Thank the (Teaching) Academy.” The Education Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA) is an odd bone of contention within the teachers’ unions. On the one hand, it has union fingerprints all over it. On the other, it is administered and scored by Pearson, which union activists believe is headquartered in the seventh circle of hell.
Part of the assessment is for the teacher candidates to submit an unedited 20-minute video of their classroom instruction. edTPA provides guidelines on how to produce a video, but they have not been kept up-to-date, and not everyone can manage the available software anyway.
American capitalism being what it is, an entrepreneur is filling this market niche. The Teachers Performance Network will, for the low, low price of $199, produce your teaching video, including wireless sound, an HD camera and a professional operator to shoot you.
The company has been producing video résumés for teachers, so the classroom environment is familiar territory.
I look forward to the addition of special effects, stunts and makeup to future teacher performance evaluations.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics February 3-9:
Quote of the Week. “I have endured horrific constraints and undemocratic principles for over a month, not to mention an attempt to defame and degrade my accomplishments as a Howard County teacher and the achievements of my students.” – Jody Zepp, Maryland State Teacher of the Year and candidate for president of the Howard County Education Association. Zepp claims her union is attempting to thwart her campaign in an effort to protect incumbent Paul Lemle. (February 3 Baltimore Sun)
February 2, 2015
Shrinking Union Teachers, Annoying Orange and Dead Blogs. Thanks to the good folks at the Bureau of Labor Statistics and unionstats.com we can examine the union membership status of teachers from 1983 through 2014.
The numbers do lump private school teachers and public school teachers together in one category, and they do not include other education employees, but they do confirm in 2014 what occurred for the first time in 2013: There are more non-union teachers than union teachers in the United States.
How is this possible? Well, private schools and non-union charters cut into it, but it is more likely due to the population growth in Southern and Mountain states at the expense of union-heavy Northeastern states. Toss in recent events in Wisconsin, Michigan and Indiana, and it is easy to see how the tables have turned. For the unions, the trends are almost all in the wrong direction.
There were 3,753 more union teachers in 2014 than in 2013. That’s the good news for NEA and AFT. The bad news is that there were 34,921 more teachers overall, meaning the unions were able to recruit only 10.7 percent of the newbies.
The big picture is this: Of the 4,535,249 teachers employed in elementary, secondary and special education in 2014, only 49 percent were union members. And the unionization rates for pre-k, kindergarten and higher education were much lower.
Unionization rates are much higher among the old than the young, meaning unions have to increase recruiting just to tread water. Something dramatic has to happen or there is nothing left but to try to slow the rate of descent.
* Ah, the Sunshine State. Over the years we have had an AFT takeover of the United Teachers of Dade and the Broward Teachers Union, followed by a Florida Education Association takeover of the Palm Beach County Classroom Teachers Association.
But it must be getting too cold at AFT headquarters this winter, so union administrators headed south to oversee the Orange County Classroom Teachers Association because it is in “a serious state of dysfunction.”
The turmoil seems to center around local president Diana Moore. For a change, no one has been accused of stealing money, though there are allegations that Moore was manipulating elections to place her selectees in place, both in the teachers’ union and the separate support employees union.
Asked to comment, Moore said, “It’s an internal matter.”
* Andrew Sullivan announced he “decided to stop blogging in the near future.” This inspired a host of editorials about the death of the blog (here and here, for example), even though Sullivan has decided to stop blogging before… 10 years before.
I don’t want to sound like Andy Rooney – especially since some of you don’t remember him – but “blogging” is just a name for a technological improvement to what people have done for centuries. In the very old days, there were pamphlets. In my old days, there were newsletters. You typed them up, laid them out (literal “cut and paste”), went down to the copy store to print them up, stapled them, folded them, and mailed them to readers.
Labor intensive, yes, but hardly beyond the reach of regular humans. Blogs made the process cheaper and easier. If blogging has served its purpose, then there must be a more preferable way to do the same thing.
EIA has no Twitter, Facebook, Instagram or Pinterest accounts. I don’t have any objections to these outlets, but I simply can’t add them to my workload. They have to replace something.
If my delivery systems are out-of-date, I’m willing to use new ones. I encourage you to let me know your ideas and preferences. I can’t promise they will coincide with my own operational imperatives, but if there are better ways to do this, I’m all ears.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics January 27-February 2:
Quote of the Week. “Responding to Conn, one teacher exclaimed angrily, ‘We want to abolish the (Education Achievement Authority), not organize them!’ Conn defended his position, saying the two questions were not mutually exclusive. ‘Organizing’ these teachers, he claimed, was part of the campaign to rid the district of charter schools and the EAA.” – from a January 27 report on the World Socialist Web Site about new Detroit Federation of Teachers president Steve Conn and his plans for the EAA’s charter and turnaround schools.
January 26, 2015
No Silver Linings. The Bureau of Labor Statistics released its annual report on union membership and the AFL-CIO had to dig very deep to find something to be cheerful about.
The overall union membership rate fell to 11.1 percent. I’ll wait for the boys at unionstats.com to disaggregate the raw data so we can apply the numbers to public school teachers, but there are really only two statistics you need to know to evaluate the current state of organized labor.
First, the U.S. economy employed 43.1 million more workers in 2014 than it did in 1983, but there were 3.1 million fewer union members.
Second, in 1983 the private sector union membership rate was 16.8 percent. The government union rate that year was 36.7 percent. Last year, the private sector’s rate was 6.6 percent and the government sector’s rate was 35.7 percent.
The lesson of the last 31 years is that one thing, and one thing only, positively affects union membership, and that is the growth of government. Despite robust growth in the private sector workforce over the years, unions lost members. They are not increasing their “market share” of government employees either. So the only thing that can keep organized labor afloat is the hiring of more government employees in already-organized occupations, teachers and education workers being the most numerous of these.
* Speaker of the New York State Assembly Sheldon Silver was arrested and charged with five counts of corruption related to kickbacks he allegedly accepted.
The charges were not related to public education, but Silver is “always a strong and constructive ally for the union” and “a friend in the statehouse,” according to New York State United Teachers.
NYSUT was especially gratified that Silver championed an extension of the state’s millionaires’ tax in 2011. “We should not give a special handout to multimillionaires and billionaires while our children’s futures are in jeopardy,” Silver said.
Even as the words were leaving his mouth, Silver was allegedly receiving payments for referring real estate developers to a specific law firm “which seeks reductions in New York City property taxes on behalf of its clients.”
One of the developers owned luxury rental properties collectively valued at more than $1 billion. The indictment notes that “in connection with these properties, Developer-1 has received substantial subsidies” from the state.
Apparently special handouts to multimillionaires and billionaires are contingent upon who gets cut in for a piece of the action.
* The union representing adjunct faculty at Columbia College Chicago decided to go it alone and disaffiliate from the Illinois Education Association. The vote was not close, 232-50, but that hasn’t stopped IEA from challenging the results on a number of levels, including the claim that many members had no prior knowledge of the vote or the disaffiliation proposal.
I find that to be a strange accusation, since I have known about it for more than six weeks – not because I’m psychic, but because the faculty union put a web site explaining the issues in great detail.
I don’t know if disaffiliation will ever become a trend, but it’s concerning to see the lengths to which the established unions will go to keep members of what is ostensibly a voluntary organization from choosing a different path.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics January 22-January 26:
Quote of the Week #1. “CTA believes Association involvement in political campaigns, both direct and indirect, must be truthful and positive. The CTA Board of Directors shall implement this policy by setting ongoing standards for advertising truthfulness and positive approaches in CTA’s involvement in campaigns. These standards shall include avoidance of half-truths, slurs and unfounded scare tactics, to ensure that the integrity and credibility of CTA are maintained for its members and the public.” – from the California Teachers Association’s current policy regarding “Association Activity in Political Campaigns.”
Quote of the Week #2. “CTA believes Association involvement in political campaigns, both direct and indirect, must ensure that the integrity and credibility of CTA are maintained for its members and the public.” – the proposed new language for that policy recommended by the union’s Political Involvement Committee.
January 20, 2015
Free Lunch, Free Margaritas and Free Rein. The blog will remain devoted to NEA state affiliate finances for the next few weeks, so here’s what has been going on otherwise:
* The Washington Post reported that a “Majority of U.S. public school students are in poverty,” calling it “a statistic that has profound implications for the nation.” Or it would have if it were true. The New York Times has a more accurate summary of the same study, and Marginal Revolution delivers the accurate statistics.
* There was a free lunch program of a different sort at the DC eatery called Oyamel, where National Education Association president Lily Eskelsen Garcia held a party for her book Rabble Rousers, the proceeds from which go to United We Dream “and other fighters for social justice.”
Even the official program part of the evening was looser than the usual fare, with TV host Roland Martin acting as emcee and unofficial hype man. “C’mon, they’ve got free liquor!” he said at one point, by way of admonishing the crowd (which included Reps. Debbie Dingell and Cheri Bustos and Dem uber-consultant Hilary Rosen) to applaud louder for Garcia and her book, “Rabble Rousers: Fearless Fighters for Social Change.”
Martin’s presence was noteworthy, since last he appeared on our radar he was admonishing the Obama administration for backing NEA’s opposition to school vouchers. “This is one time where he should have opposed them and made it clear that vouchers can force school districts, administrators and teachers to shape up or see their students ship out,” he wrote.
* Pennsylvanians for Accountability, an advocacy group that spent more than $1 million to defeat Gov. Tom Corbett in the last election, failed to file its return with the IRS. It could face up to $50,000 in penalties. The group’s largest donor was NEA, to the tune of $650,000.
* We had quite a bit of union navel-gazing last week. American Federation of Teachers president Randi Weingarten said the American labor movement is at a crossroads, which would be the 797th consecutive crossroads it came upon without making a turn. California Federation of Teachers president Joshua Pechthalt believes teachers’ unions are pivotal to the reemergence of the progressive movement, though he admits none has developed. Chris Maisano, writing for the leftist In These Times, asks the heretical question, “But what if the labor movement gave up on the practice of exclusive representation and embraced members-only unionism, as was common through the 1940s?” He points out that voluntary unionism is common in the rest of the world.
* Move over, Karen Lewis, Barbara Madeloni, and any other president maneuvering to be the voice of militant teacher unionism. By a margin of 15 votes, Steve Conn was elected president of the Detroit Federation of Teachers.
Conn, whom we have encountered several times in the past, is a human hand grenade, but it’s a toss-up to determine who will have to dodge the most shrapnel. The district is a hot mess – fertile ground for Conn’s particular brand of activism – but all the other union offices and seats on the board of directors were captured by the opposing slate. In other words, Conn is on his own within the union hierarchy.
Short of becoming a sort of teacher union Bonapartist, Conn will be severely limited, though I expect his name will appear frequently in the papers.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics January 13-January 20:
Quote of the Week #1. “We know you have to assess kids against benchmarks and determine if they’re learning or not. We want good data used in good ways, so we understand how kids are progressing.” – Lily Eskelsen Garcia, president of the National Education Association. (January 15 Politico)
Quote of the Week #2. “High-stakes tests punish students for factors beyond their control, increase dropouts, narrow curriculum, drive out good teachers, and misinform the public. High-stakes tests are bad for good education.” – Lily Eskelsen Garcia, president of the National Education Association. (December 6 speech to the Ohio Education Association Representative Assembly)
January 12, 2015
There’s Nothing More Permanent Than a Temporary Increase. The National Education Association has a lot of weapons in its political arsenal, but perhaps the biggest is the Ballot Measure/Legislative Crises Fund. The union collects a special assessment of $20 per member, of which $12 goes into this pot. Its purpose is to be a war chest of cash for ballot initiatives, lobbying and various sorts of issue advocacy in NEA’s state affiliates.
State affiliates have to apply for grants from the BM/LC Fund, and while NEA usually distributes most of the money in the year it collects it, any leftover funds roll over into succeeding years. This enables NEA to drop prodigious amounts of cash into states where its affiliates could not possibly raise such sums on their own (e.g. South Dakota, Utah). And in large states, it supplements the already sizable initiative funds the affiliate already has (e.g. California).
At the 2011 NEA Representative Assembly, the delegates doubled the assessment from $10 to $20 per member, but made it temporary, lasting five years. But just like the last time the union temporarily doubled the assessment, NEA will seek to make the $20 amount permanent at this year’s convention.
Normally this would signal a wave of new initiatives and legislation in a large number of states, but it might not necessarily be the case this time. There are a lot fewer active NEA members now than there were even in 2011, so maintaining the $20 assessment still means less money in the pot. Though there has been no formal action taken, it would not surprise me if NEA sought an additional increase to the fund.
If it did so, it would be following in the path of the private sector industrial unions, which for years have extracted more and more political money from fewer and fewer members. It is a technique that sacrifices organizing and recruitment for political clout.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics December 30-January 12:
Quote of the Week. “If the secretary wants to invoke Shanker on accountability, then invoke him on his proposals for grade-span over annual testing. Shanker once called for ‘an immediate end to standardized tests as they are now,’ instead favoring testing over five-year intervals.” – Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teacher, taking issue with U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan’s quoting of former AFT president Al Shanker in his remarks about the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. (January 12 AFT press release)
Quoting Shanker should be done with caution, but he did once write, “It’s no surprise that our school system doesn’t improve; it resembles the communist economy more than our own market economy.”
January 5, 2015
The 2014 EIA Public Education Quotes of the Year
EIA is proud to present the 2014 Public Education Quotes of the Year, in countdown order. Enjoy!
10) “Her battles with the former teachers’ union president, Randi Weingarten, called to mind Mothra and Godzilla.” – Michael Powell, columnist for the New York Times, referring to Eva Moskowitz, founder and CEO of Success Academy charter schools. (March 12 New York Times)
9) “Unions are disingenuous when they claim to represent the interests of the students. That’s not what they were created to do and is not what they are paid by their members to do.” – Harrison Blackmond, Michigan state director of Democrats for Education Reform and former UniServ director and staff attorney for the Michigan Education Association. (June 25 DFER blog)
8) “I didn’t think it could get worse, but right now I think it’s just as bad as it’s ever been. People don’t want to believe that the unions are constructive, just generally.” – Susan Moore Johnson, a research professor at Harvard’s graduate school of education, discussing the public image of teachers’ unions. (November 17 Washington Post)
7) “The charter school movement was founded to deny teachers their labor rights.” – Brian Harris, president of the Chicago Alliance of Charter Teachers and Staff, an American Federation of Teachers affiliate created to organize charter school employees. (January 8 Progress Illinois)
6) “There are school districts all over the country peopled with Luddites who are tremendously resistant to change.” – Nolan Bushnell, co-founder of Atari and education technology entrepreneur. (March 4 Politico)
5) “This march to corporatization – that’s the word that we’ve been trying to use because it does sound a little more ‘evil’ than privatization.” – Gera Summerford, president of the Tennessee Education Association, at a panel discussion at Tennessee State University. (March 29 The Tennesseean)
4) “I have been called some awful names. I have gotten hate mail. And the funny thing is, I’ve written about abortion and terrorism, and I don’t get the same level of vitriol from those stories…. I had a teacher in Connecticut call me a c**t. So that was a low moment.” – Amanda Ripley, Time journalist and author of The Smartest Kids in the World, describing the reaction her education stories have received. (October 1 Medium.com)
3) “I don’t think it’s something we would invite our members to, but David Campos is a well-rounded man with many constituents and many interests.” – Dennis Kelly, president of the United Educators of San Francisco, upon hearing that the union’s recommended Assembly candidate, David Campos, hosted a fundraiser at an adult film studio that bills itself as “the largest fetish porn company in the world.” (May 6 San Francisco Chronicle)
2) “We’re looking to remove anything that would jeopardize a teacher’s career.” – Karen Magee, president of New York State United Teachers, explaining the union’s negotiating position on the state’s teacher evaluation system. (June 18 Chalkbeat New York)
1) “Who cares? Who cares?” – Diane Ravitch, reacting to the findings of the latest CREDO study from Stanford University showing academic gains for charter school students in Los Angeles. (March 12 Salon)
December 29, 2014
Ohio Education Association President Delivers “The Brutal Truth.” Last week I shared some of the remarks NEA president Lily Eskelsen Garcia made to the Ohio Education Association Representative Assembly earlier this month. OEA president Becky Higgins also addressed the assembly, and her comments were worthy of our attention as well.
Higgins spoke of a meeting an OEA committee had with Dan Burkhalter, the former executive director of the Wisconsin Education Association Council. Burkhalter was in charge during the period that Act 10, the legislation that severely restricted teachers’ collective bargaining in the state, was passed. Higgins recounted his words:
He used the analogy of a tree, and he said before their troubles began, he thought that the Wisconsin Education Association tree was solid. Its core was strong. The roots were in the ground and nothing could topple it.
But then along came that mighty, mighty storm, and quickly the 100,000-member Wisconsin tree was toppled, just like that. In one fell swoop, they lost everything. Gone. The tree that they thought was solid and would never fall fell, and fell hard.
Where three years ago there were over a hundred thousand members, today, there are 40,000. Where once they had a staff along the same lines as OEA, they now have a staff of less than 20. Their power and influence, he says, are virtually gone.
And one of the main reasons he said this happened, why their tree toppled, was because they couldn’t or wouldn’t confront the brutal truth. They were not willing to see where the weaknesses were and then take steps to make the changes necessary to make their tree healthy. And when I say they, I don’t mean just the officers and staff. I mean the members of the Wisconsin Education Association.
He told us one of the myths that happened during their fight. I’m sure you all saw many times those rallies and demonstrations at the statehouse, where you saw all of the hundreds of thousands of people, day in and day out, over those weeks down at the statehouse. And in my mind, I was thinking, those are all members of the Wisconsin Education Association down there rallying. I thought it was all of the members that were down there.
He said, though, in reality, when the tree fell and they looked back, during those times of rallies under those hundreds of thousands, day in and day out, it is estimated that only about 10,000 of their members actually were at that statehouse throughout the whole time.
So what I thought and what most people thought wasn’t really happening. Most of those demonstrators were from other groups. They were not the teachers.
Higgins went on to tell of the impending agency fee case, Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association. NEA affiliates across the country are trying to prepare for life after agency fee is gone. No one is very hopeful the union will prevail in court. Higgins told the delegates that the chances of CTA losing the case “look pretty good.” CTA seems to agree.
Finally, Higgins talked about the union’s position after the November elections.
One of the things that has always given me pause is that we need to fight those at the statehouse with everything we have. Right now, that means fighting many, many Republicans who do not see things our way.
But I’ve always been distressed that, when I look out here at the audience today, I know that this audience – you – are made up of Republicans, Democrats, and independents. And it is real easy to say I’m a Democrat. But I know many, many members and delegates who won’t say that they’re Republican because they are afraid of the backlash that the members have when they might own up to that.
We can no longer do that.
If you remember back in 2010, when John Kasich was elected, over 40 percent of our members voted for John Kasich. Now the makeup of our membership is about 30 percent, 30 percent, 30 percent. So it is clear that it was not just Republicans who elected John Kasich. There were many other people, and we have to work together.
We have to quit saying Democrat, Republican. It’s we are advocates for pro-public education, and that’s what we’re going to work for. We have got to stop labeling people.
There’s a lot to chew on in there, so I’ll leave it with just one question for you: Is Higgins’ point of view the majority opinion among NEA’s state affiliate officers and executive staff, or an outlier?
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics December 23-29:
December 22, 2014
NEA President Tries to Sweet Talk “Cloven-Hoofed Minions.”Education Next just published a lengthy article of mine, which was largely about how the teachers’ unions tailor their message to the audience they are addressing. I did not expect to see such a fine illustration surface so quickly.
On December 16 National Education Association president Lily Eskelsen Garcia delivered a speech to the Detroit Economic Club, a group of business leaders headed by William Clay Ford Jr. of the Ford Motor Company. It cannot be said that its members are necessarily hostile to teachers’ unions, but the Club’s executive committee includes former Detroit mayor and charter school supporter Dave Bing, and its board of directors includes the chairman of Kelly Services, which has education staffing contracts with about a dozen public school districts.
Eskelsen Garcia acknowledged this was not her usual audience, but opened with an olive branch.
I am a union leader, along with being a teacher, and many of you are here because you are business leaders, and I think the news story of the day is that you and I are best friends. At least we should be.
She went on to describe her hope that the rhetoric could be toned down.
I think we get to a better place when we can actually have a dialogue that’s not shrill, that’s not saying ‘you’re right, you’re wrong’ and we actually look at the evidence that would move us forward.
The evidence she then presented was highly selective, but we’ll ignore that for now. She concluded her almost hour-long speech with a final appeal. “I need you. We cannot succeed without you,” she said.
It’s safe to say that any members of the Detroit Economic Club who might have been moved by Eskelsen Garcia’s remarks were entirely unaware of her speech to the representative assembly of the Ohio Education Association only 10 days earlier.
It touched upon similar topics: exemplary education systems in other countries, the education reform movement, evidence or the lack thereof of its effectiveness, et al. The tone, however, was quite a bit different.
So we know how to talk about the Global Education Reform Movement, or the GERM, that has infected us. And we know all about what their pillars are, no matter what they are proposing, they love to say reform, reform, it’s corrupt, it needs to be changed, it’s all bad, little bad girls and little bad boys.
…It doesn’t work anywhere in the entire universe. No one can come up and say, if you privatize a school system, if you de-professionalize it and put a bunch of good-hearted folks in there that just want to try being teachers for a while, teach for a while, and none of it is working anywhere. We also know that the evidence is on our side. Privatization doesn’t work.
She rhetorically asked the delegates why reformers would continue to promote failing policies, then answered:
Follow the money. When it comes to K12 education, we see a $500 billion sector in the US alone that is waiting desperately to be transformed by teacher of the year, Rupert Murdoch.
…Who stands in our way? I don’t want to demonize the Koch brothers or the cloven-hoofed minions who dance at their side.
This is all about an agenda that says we will take advantage of some of the poorest communities, which in this country are high-minority communities, and we will wave these things in front of them that says your child deserves a private school, meaning a charter school.
The ALEC folks that will take out the unions because they want low, low, low taxes every day. Millionaires and billionaires who want to destroy public education and public unions, they’re the ones who stand in our way. But the public stands with us.
Eskelsen Garcia repeated AFT president Randi Weingarten’s assertion that in the November election “when the public looked at the issues that we supported for working families and for our schools, we won. And then they turned around and voted for people who weren’t for those things, which is what we’re trying to figure out, where the disconnect is.”
The bilingual Eskelsen Garcia is adept at speaking two different languages, but her audiences deserve to know if there’s one version for the natives and a different one for the foreigners.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics December 16-22:
Quote of the Week. “[T]here is an informal candidate slating process from which African Americans have been denied access. The Ferguson-Florissant National Education Association is a local teachers’ union that has a large influence on the school board elections, and consistently chooses to endorse white candidates. It has rarely endorsed African Americans.” – from an American Civil Liberties Union lawsuit alleging the at-large school board election system utilized by the Ferguson-Florissant School District in Missouri is a violation of the Voting Rights Act. (Missouri NAACP v. Ferguson-Florissant School District, filed December 18)
December 15, 2014
Greenhouse, Green Mountains, and Greenmail. With the blog turned over to NEA affiliate finances for the time being, here are the union-related stories from the past week.
* It is being treated as the official end of an era. Steven Greenhouse of the New York Times accepted a contract buyout, leaving Melanie Trottman of the Wall Street Journal as the last full-time labor reporter at a major American newspaper.
I have always been of two minds about Greenhouse’s work. I applauded the sadly unique occasion he was teamed with Sam Dillon, the Times education reporter, for a story on the teacher firings in Central Falls, Rhode Island. And his coverage of corruption in New York City’s bus drivers’ union was top-notch.
On the other hand, he tended to identify with the labor movement he covered and often lacked a skeptical eye about its claims. A few years ago I referenced a long list of Greenhouse stories about coming union resurgences that never materialized.
This exit interview highlights Greenhouse’s blind spots, including his failure to note the irony of explaining the decline of newspaper labor coverage to Gawker.
A commenter expressed it best with “Great interview of a man retiring from writing about dying labor practices for a dying industry.”
Mourning is the normal response when something dies, but thanks to the Internet we now live in a world where we don’t have to wait for a New York Times article to learn about something. I’ll miss Greenhouse, but in the same way I miss movies shot in black and white.
* The American Federation of Teachers spent four years lobbying for legislation that would allow Vermont’s child care workers to unionize. The law passed this year and 1,323 workers were eligible to vote. They rejected union representation 418 to 398.
Agency fee was a big factor in the result, and something more fundamental. “We’re all small businesses, we’re not employees,” said Elsa Bosma, a child care provider who organized the opposition.
* The Connecticut Education Association hired former state Speaker of the House Christopher G. Donovan as a field representative, making him the second state legislative leader to land a job with the teachers’ union. Connecticut Mirror reporter Jacqueline Rabe Thomas explains why Donovan was available.
Donovan – the house speaker from January 2009 to January 2013 – left the General Assembly after 20 years in office to run for congress in Connecticut 5th district. His campaign crashed after federal authorities indicted two of his highest-ranking campaign officials, among others, on charges that they conspired to hide contributions from businesses hoping to derail legislation.
Why lobby the legislature when you can just hire it away?
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics December 9-15:
Quote of the Week. “You should not receive favorable tax treatment unless you are a resident of this city, paying taxes to this city.” – Michael Mulgrew, president of the United Federation of Teachers, proposing a tax on luxury apartments in New York City. UFT is a tax-exempt organization. (December 10 New York Post)
December 8, 2014
Taking Stocks, Two Cents about Nickels, and the Wrath of Conn. I am devoting the daily blog for the next few weeks to an accounting of the finances of each of NEA’s state affiliates. It makes sense to devote this space to items of news that arise during the week. Rest assured in the unlikely event something earth-shattering occurs, we will find time and space for it.
It is fair to question why we examine union finances in such detail. For an answer, let’s turn to an expert – NEA executive director John Stocks. In an undated memo to state affiliate officers and staff about affiliate organizational capacity, Stocks had this to say about finances:
Close monitoring of annual revenue (dues) and expenditures (budget) is no longer sufficient to ascertain the financial health of our affiliates. In addition to adopting organizational budgets and setting dues rates, affiliate leaders and executive staff must become familiar with a variety of other financial data and indicators. These include: membership/revenue projections; non-dues based revenue; balance sheets and the ratio of assets to liabilities; pension liabilities; post-retirement health care commitments; year to date budget expenditures; monthly cash flow projections; debt service on borrowing and net assets.
The overall financial health of an organization is critical to building and sustaining its organizational capacity. In some cases it may forecast an organization’s very existence over time. Increasingly, we must pay keener attention to the financial systems, position and health of our affiliates.
If NEA believes those details can help forecast affiliates’ very existence, we should believe them.
Up next is an unusual story. Maureen Nickels ran unopposed and won a seat on the Nebraska State Board of Education. A former elementary school teacher, Nickels now works as a UniServ director for the Nebraska State Education Association.
The problem is that state law prohibits teachers from sitting on the board, and the state constitution directs that board members “shall not be actively engaged in the educational profession.” Gov. Dave Heineman felt Nickels’ NSEA job disqualified her from holding that seat. “I can’t think of an organization that cares more about education … than NSEA,” Heineman said. “So if you’re working for them, it would seem to me you’re actively involved in the field of education.”
NSEA told the Lincoln Journal-Star that the union supported Nickels’ right to sit on the board, but didn’t directly address whether she was engaged in the field of education.
I’m sure the lawyers will hash it all out. I find it strange that the union would take the stance that Nickels’ job is – strictly speaking – not in the field of education. However, I agree with them. They work as labor representatives. Obviously they cannot do their jobs without detailed knowledge about teachers and education systems, but they don’t have to be teachers or school system administrators.
Similarly, I define myself as an education labor reporter, not an education reporter. There are already more than enough people digging through Race to the Top regulations and Common Core State Standards.
Finally, there is news from Michigan about Steve Conn, perennial candidate for president of the Detroit Federation of Teachers. When last we heard from him, he was suspended from the union for seven months for disrupting the swearing-in of the last set of DFT officers. In the video, Conn is the one screaming.
He was eventually reinstated and lost a run-off in 2012. This year he is once again in a run-off for the DFT presidency with Edna Reaves, who is the sitting executive vice president.
“As president, my first order of business will be to call mass meetings of teachers, students and the entire Detroit community to decide what actions we take to stop these attacks and to defend the jobs of Detroit’s teachers and win an equal, quality education for the students,” Conn said.
I’m not sure what the turnout will be for those mass meetings, since only 858 members voted in the first round, Conn receiving 300 votes. The union claims 4,000 members.
We wish him good luck, since the logical next step after a Conn regime will be a corporate takeover by Omni Consumer Products.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics December 2-8:
* Hyperbole History. In them old cotton fields back home.
Quote of the Week. “We look forward to embracing the spirit of collaboration that is needed to provide a high-quality education for all kids.” – Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, after union-backed candidates won a majority on the Jefferson Parish school board in Louisiana. AFT national headquarters contributed almost $650,000 to board candidates in Jefferson Parish. (December 8 New Orleans Time-Picayune)
December 1, 2014
Financial Status of All NEA State Affiliates. In-depth analysis will follow in the weeks to come, but for now here is the table containing total membership, total revenues, surplus or deficit status and net assets for all 52 National Education Association “state” affiliates for 2012-13. If the image is difficult to view, click here for the Adobe Acrobat version.
A few highlights:
* Even without accounting for the income of some 13,000 local affiliates, NEA took in almost $1.6 billion in dues and other income.
* Revenue was down in most affiliates due to falling membership, but many were able to run significant budget surpluses by reducing expenditures – mostly personnel costs.
* 18 affiliates operated in the red during the 2012-13 school year.
* Despite various forms of staff pension relief, nine affiliates have negative net worth.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics November 25-December 1:
* Randi Weingarten Unintentionally Makes the Case for Standardized Tests. Trust, but verify.
* Another Lesson on Union Officer Pay. There’s only one reason to defer income.
* In Case You Missed It. The anti-Ravitch.
* Shop With a Clear Conscience. Protesting in front of the wrong stores.
* Happy Thanksgiving (?) The joy of freelancing.
Quote of the Week. “Jobs restored in the public sector have fueled consumer confidence and helped create jobs in the private sector.” – Joshua Pechthalt, president of the California Federation of Teachers, on why the temporary taxes enacted by Proposition 30 should be made permanent. (November 30 Sacramento Bee)
November 24, 2014
The Old Get Old and the Young Get Stronger. Last year I reported on some demographic information the National Education Association compiled about its delegates soon after the union’s annual convention. It revealed that the 7,000 delegates, who are NEA’s most active and devoted members, were on average about 51 years of age. Only 10 percent of them were younger than 35.
I recently obtained the same information for the 2014 convention, and learned that while the average age fell to 49, the percentage of sub-35-year-olds also fell, to 8 percent. This suggests that the lower average age was almost entirely due to the retirements of very old delegates.
Even with all the other problems teachers’ unions are having, the age of its activists by itself is a serious concern. Not only is the generation gap all professions face present, but the effects of an education and union generation gap go to the heart of NEA’s policies.
The majority of teachers enter the profession in their mid-20s, so we can infer that the average NEA delegate has 20 or more years of experience. Is it such a leap to think that their interests are more likely to lean towards seniority and pensions instead of starting salaries, training and advancement?
It goes further. I noted a quote in the Washington Post from an AFSCME local president who had this to say about his members:
If they were more active over the last 10 years, maybe we wouldn’t be in the situation we are now. Our employees have always taken for granted what we’ve got. And I don’t think they realize the lives that have been lost, and I don’t think they show enough respect for what those who went before us did to get us where we are.
He might even be right, but telling them how tough you had it and that they don’t show enough appreciation for their elders will lead only to eye-rolling. The “these kids today” attitude is just as common in teachers’ unions as it is in the rest of society.
A Governing magazine article from July addressed this issue, and the author was relatively optimistic about the labor movement’s chances of appealing to a younger demographic. But it is going to be very hard to do if that younger demographic is nowhere to be found in the unions’ representative bodies.
Could you successfully choose what kind of music or films a 20-something would like? Then why would you think you could choose what kind of workplace policies they would like?
Teachers’ unions can make great strides in asking them what they want and listening to the answers. I very much doubt, however, that they have the will to turn those answers into action. It would require sacrificing the interests of those in the room for those still outside the building.
The Millennials themselves can change the unions over the natural course of time, as they assume positions of power from the retired. But they might not hang around that long.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics November 18-24:
* Have a Coke and a Smile. AFT’s slippery slope of politically incorrect soft drinks.
* Split Decision in Staff Lawsuit Vs. Oregon Education Association. Union shows the way to meeting mandated staffing ratios – shut down offices.
* Let’s Review. Corroboration.
* Post-Election Union Analysis on the Left. We welcome all ideas, then discard them.
* Where Everybody Knows Your Name. If you can’t beat ’em, hire ’em.
Quote of the Week. “There are downsides, no doubt, to being seen as the party of organized labor. Still, it brings plenty of benefits, and it’s an identity – and that’s something the Democratic Party is rapidly losing.” – Elias Isquith, Salon staff writer. (November 20 Salon)
November 17, 2014
Former High-Ranking NEA Staffer Speaks Out on Union’s Direction. Until retiring last July, Bill Raabe was the National Education Association’s Director of the Center for Great Public Schools. Before that, he led NEA’s Collective Bargaining & Member Advocacy department. And before that, he had a long and storied career as a union staffer.
Bill commented on my Friday blog post, but there it will be seen only by a handful of people, and it deserves wider dissemination. I reprint it here without editorial comment.
Since the day after the election I have contemplated writing my thoughts about the reaction of unions (and specifically school employee unions) to this year’s election drubbing. To be fair, until July of this year, when I retired from the NEA, I have been either a member or staff of a school employee union since 1974. I have a deep commitment to school employees and their unions. So, all of what I think is impacted by the past forty years.
What I fear the most is that the unions will double-down on old strategies and tactics and use the term “organizing” over and over again as meaning to get more union members involved in the political process – not a bad thing in and of itself, but a losing long-term strategy if it is their intended means to build union relevancy. I have seen several unions indicate that they must do a better job organizing. I agree, but what that looks like in practice is the key to the future success of unions across this country –for school employee unions this must be a focus on the professional needs of educators . I also am concerned that the unions will build themselves up by suggesting they won’t back down – again not bad, unless it means they will continue to only be good at saying “no” to change. For too long unions (school employee unions, too) have relied on past successful strategies to deal with their current realities and their hoped-for futures. It is time for them to rethink how they operate.
To me relevancy is the key. Unions must recreate themselves to be relevant not only to the leaders who thrive on internal and external political drama, but to the average member who is a school secretary in Washington, first grade teacher in Minnesota, or higher education faculty in Florida. Relevancy means focusing first and foremost on the learning lives of students and the professional lives of educators. This focus must be accomplished through real action, not just idle platitudes. Poll after poll of education professionals indicate their primary concern is to be effective in their responsibility to help students learn. School employee unions are well-positioned to meet those needs. Unions can lead in providing quality professional learning. They can use advocacy strategies (including collective bargaining where it exists) to move an agenda that meets the needs of students. They can listen to the community and act on the community’s needs. They can develop evaluation systems that include student learning as an important component – after all, isn’t student learning the goal? They can lead real efforts to stimulate collaborative cultures to address the challenges facing public education.
Unions must also realize that all who are advocating for change (“the reformers”) are not the enemies of public education or the unions. Granted, there are those who want to privatize education and do away with the unions, but to be obsessed with those and not focus on the learning needs of students and professional needs of educators will do the unions little long-term good.
I am an optimist, some may call me naïve, but I see the day in the not too distant future where school employee unions, boards of education, administrators, the community, “reformers,” think tanks, foundations, parents and students will all be striving together in a culture of collaboration to meet the needs of every student who crosses the threshold of the schoolhouse (whether that is a brick and mortar schoolhouse or an electronic schoolhouse).
My optimism will be misplaced if the unions’ reaction to the election is to do more of the same, only harder. If they hope that doing so will reverse the trend of declining membership, they will be sorely mistaken. I hope their reaction is double-down on their commitment to students’ needs and the professional lives of educators and build unions that have real “power” because educators see the unions as being totally relevant to their work lives.
I do not expect, nor want, the unions to remove themselves from the political process, that too would be foolish. Yet a serious evaluation of what they stand for, where to focus resources, and where to focus their energies is necessary. What if the unions would spend millions of dollars on a professional learning academy for educators? What if they would send national staff to “targeted” states to develop union-led professional development schools? What if they would focus on developing truly collaborative cultures in local after local across this country? My hope for the unions is that some of these “what ifs” enter into the conversations in union board meetings soon!
I want the unions to thrive in the future. The “voice” they can give to educators is essential to quality public education.
Unions, please react to the elections in a way that moves you forward into a brighter future.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics November 11-17:
* Good News! NEA Says It Wasted Only $40 Million. Can’t call any numbers exaggeration or downplay if we don’t define categories.
* Veterans Day: Remembering the Computer Age. I was using a wireless computer in 1982.
* Subtle. It was “about the most stereotypically racist move I’ve ever seen from any campaign,” said an SEIU spokesman. What kind of candidate would do such a thing?
* Palm Beach Pickets. Union staff wants contract adherence from union management.
* Credit Where Credit Is Due. Payback is a… surprise.
Quote of the Week. “I didn’t think it could get worse, but right now I think it’s just as bad as it’s ever been. People don’t want to believe that the unions are constructive, just generally.” – Susan Moore Johnson, a research professor at Harvard’s graduate school of education, discussing the public image of teachers’ unions. (November 17 Washington Post)
November 10, 2014
2014 Election: Not Waterloo, But Elba. Now that we have let the results of last Tuesday’s midterm election sit for a spell, and have accumulated the reactions of observers and all parties involved, we can view the big picture. The brief analysis is: The pundits are right, and this was a defeat of titanic proportions for the two national teachers’ unions. It’s both a short-term and long-term catastrophe. Where they overestimate its effects is the intermediate term, say, around 2016.
This will take some time, so bear with me. First, let’s recap the results in light of union campaign priorities.
Governors – Unhappy with incumbent Democratic governors who have embraced school reform in varying degrees, NEA and AFT sought to install friendly Democrats in key states – Florida, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. They won in Pennsylvania and lost the other three.
In states where they supported the Democrat but weren’t that happy with him, they won in Connecticut and lost in Illinois.
For most of us the defeat of Anthony Brown in Maryland was completely unexpected, but NEA at least must have had some qualms, sending president Lily Eskelsen Garcia to the state on Election Day. They were also unable to win in Kansas or Maine despite a heavy commitment of time and money.
Senate – The unions lost every key Senate race they targeted with millions in Super PAC money and staff resources – Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa and North Carolina.
House – NEA’s Super PAC ran ads against Bruce Poliquin in Maine (he won), Lee Zeldin in New York (he won), and Steve Southerland in Florida (he lost).
Add these up and you get an electoral disaster at the national level. Not only are NEA and AFT on defense for the next two years, but their defense is based entirely on the political calculations of President Obama and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. Yikes.
Some of the post-election analysis suggested that the teachers’ unions will rethink their strategy, or regroup. Ridiculous.
Usually if you spend $60 million with such paltry results there isn’t a new pot of cash waiting to be handed to the same people who engineered the debacle. Teachers’ unions aren’t usual. No one at NEA or AFT will lose a job or be demoted. And there will be at least $60 million – probably more – in their war chests in 2016.
When the union hammer doesn’t work, they don’t find another tool. They go out and buy a bigger hammer.
Common sense suggests that this is a losing strategy in the long term. But the alternatives require an admission of error, and I don’t see that level of introspection from NEA or AFT. They will draw a lesson from the 2014 election and the current political environment, but it is not the one everyone thinks. I refer, of course, to the Pacific Coast Exception.
You don’t have be a seasoned political observer to notice that national Republican tsunamis peter out upon reaching Hollywood and the Bay Area. This year was no different. In an otherwise meaningless election for state superintendent of public instruction, a proxy war of epic proportions erupted and incumbent Tom Torlakson rode his union support to victory over challenger Marshall Tuck.
Some have called the relatively small margin evidence of a “moral victory” for reformers and a “hollow” win for the unions. Nonsense.
David Plank, the executive director of Policy Analysis for California Education, described the Tuck campaign best when he said, “They had a very strong, articulate, well-funded candidate. Incredible assets: a good bio, an issue (the Vergara case) distinguishing him from the incumbent, the endorsement of all of the state’s major papers. Yet he could not overcome the institutional advantages of the unions: motivated teachers and an ability to spend on their behalf.”
Plank left out another prerequisite that Tuck filled – he is a Democrat. He also omitted the fact that Torlakson’s union backing was virtually the only thing he had going for him. And he still won.
Reformers shouldn’t cherrypick results. The California Teachers Association proved it owns education in the state. Strangely enough, the 2014 election did illustrate once again the only way to beat CTA, but the cost is much too high to make it worthwhile. A short history lesson is instructive.
In 1992, California became the second state to enact a charter school law. How? Leaving aside a series of parliamentary maneuvers, it was because a voucher initiative was to appear on the 1993 ballot. At the time, CTA believed that getting out of the way of this moderate reform would defang the argument for vouchers.
In 1998, CTA spent millions to defeat a paycheck protection initiative. On the same ballot, an English immersion initiative passed. It surely would have received the brunt of CTA’s opposition had the other measure not been on the ballot.
Torlakson’s reelection consumed CTA leaders for months. Their secondary concern was to get Tim Sbranti elected to the Assembly in the East Bay Area. Sbranti was once the chairman of CTA’s Political Involvement Committee. The unions spent more than $1 million in independent expenditures on his behalf. But he lost to Republican Catharine Baker.
So the only notable defeats for CTA in the political realm involved victories on higher priority issues. Who’s going to fund $10 million diversions?
NEA and AFT would like California to be the model for the future, where union-loyal candidates win against all comers. They are tired of supporting wobbly Democrats as the lesser of two evils, mainly because they can’t be trusted once elected.
Unfortunately for them, the trend lines aren’t bending that way. Let me go back to the Napoleon analogy in the headline.
The teachers’ unions suffered a bitter defeat, but their ability to fight was not touched at all. So for the next two years, they are in exile, waiting for 2016 in order to return in force and resume power.
It won’t be Waterloo until the time comes when they can no longer raise another $60 million after a loss. If the unions have California as a beacon of hope, their opponents have Alabama.
Having lost its ability to extract dues from teachers’ paychecks, the Alabama Education Association spent about $20 million this year in an effort to reverse its fortunes. It came up mostly empty in the primaries and completely empty in the general election. For AEA, there will be no more grand campaigns, only a continuous struggle to keep the organization afloat.
The political climate is not quite as hostile to unions elsewhere, but it is reasonable to expect that Indiana, Wisconsin and Michigan will soon be in the same boat. Union affiliates in non-collective bargaining states will continue to scrape for members.
The teachers’ unions cannot reverse this decline, but as long as they can collect enormous sums of money and spend it without any sort of internal accountability, they can succeed in putting off the day of reckoning.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics November 4-10:
* Galvanized. Multiple defeats make you weaker, not stronger.
* Dark Clouds Have Dark Linings. Even the minor races went badly for the unions.
* Long, Long Wait for Washington Class Size Initiative Results. Now at 80% tallied, looks like it will win.
* GOP Wave Reaches 170 Degrees West Longitude. Bypasses California and Hawaii, gets to Samoa.
* Torlakson Visits His Constituents. Keeping your friends close.
Quote of the Week. “I’m disappointed in white voters. Too many of them are voting against their self-interests.” – Joe Reed, former associate executive secretary of the Alabama Education Association. AEA lost every single race it targeted. (November 9 AL.com)
November 3, 2014
2014 Election Pre-Mortem. Unless the polls are historically wrong, tomorrow will be a bad day for the Democratic Party and, by extension, the teachers’ unions. It’s certain that when this election cycle began, NEA and AFT weren’t expecting to be spending so much time and money in places like Maine, Iowa and Hawaii.
Last week we looked at where the unions’ hopes lie in gubernatorial races. The Washington Post ran a piece on which state legislatures could switch hands. Outside of those races, here are a few more where the unions can salvage something from an overall down year.
* North Carolina – NEA’s Super PAC spent heavily to protect almost all of the vulnerable Senate Democrats, but was especially active in North Carolina. If Kay Hagan wins by a close margin, the union could justifiably claim its efforts put her over the top.
* Missouri, Washington and Nevada ballot initiatives – Amendment 3 in Missouri would tie teachers’ jobs to students’ performance. The initiative’s sponsors stopped campaigning for it, but the unions were still concerned enough to sink several hundred thousand dollars to defeat it. Washington’s Initiative 1351 would purportedly lower class size, but is in fact simply a mandate to hire school employees. NEA and its state affiliate invested heavily in it. Just about everyone else abandoned Nevada’s margin tax initiative, but the Nevada State Education Association owns it exclusively. Should NEA’s side prevail in all three races, it could provide momentum for more education-related ballot initiatives in the coming cycle.
* California – The Superintendent of Public Instruction race between union-supported incumbent Tom Torlakson and challenger Marshall Tuck will, in my opinion, have almost no immediate effect on the policies or infrastructure of the state’s public school system. Nor does it really have national implications, since most states already have a reform Democrat vs. union Democrat split. But as an indication of which way California is headed, it is extraordinarily important.
Wave elections often crash on the Sierras, and a Torlakson victory would continue that trend. The California Teachers Association has staked all of its political capital and reputation on Torlakson. Should Tuck defeat him, it would be a signal to California Democrats, particularly down ballot, that it’s no longer career suicide to go your own way on education policy. A Torlakson win would not only cement CTA’s grip on the state’s education system, but would be a warning shot across the bow of any future Tucks, even very well-funded ones.
* Wisconsin – Though it’s a gubernatorial race, it’s worth repeating here that NEA and AFT would consider a victory by Mary Burke over incumbent Gov. Scott Walker almost worth defeats everywhere else. Retribution for Act 10 is enough motivation, but the possibility of Walker campaigning nationally on the issue would consume the unions for a full two years.
Whatever happens, NEA and AFT are determined to start the 2016 election cycle on Wednesday morning. Members should watch their wallets accordingly.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics October 28-November 3:
* Teachers Unions and the War Within. One union, two audiences, two messages.
* Who Needs Union Votes When You Have Union Cash? Money spent to persuade those who put up the money.
* CTA Hires The Sphinx. “You must lash out with every limb, like the octopus who plays the drums.”
* Strike While the Irony Is Hot. We can’t have outside corporate interests spending 1/15th of what outside union interests are spending.
Quote of the Week. “I believe these kinds of changes are probably the single best thing that I can do as governor that’s going to matter long-term, to break what is in essence one of the only remaining public monopolies – and that’s what this is, it’s a public monopoly.” – New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, speaking about the state’s public education system. (October 27 New York Daily News)
October 27, 2014
Teachers Unions’ Last Chance to Repopulate Ranks of Friendly Governors. The big question on everyone’s minds, including the powers-that-be at the National Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers, is whether the Democratic Party can maintain its majority in the U.S. Senate. But as a practical matter the unions’ fortunes rely more heavily not just on which party wins state governors’ seats, but which candidates.
There are currently 21 Democratic governors, seven of whom are not up for reelection this year. For the teachers’ unions, the remaining 14 can be divided into mostly reliable incumbents, mostly unreliable incumbents, and open seats.
The reasonably friendly incumbents are Jerry Brown in California, John Hickenlooper in Colorado, Mark Dayton in Minnesota, Maggie Hassan in New Hampshire, and Peter Shumlin in Vermont. It is indicative of the unions’ plight that three of these governors have had significant run-ins with teachers’ unions – Shumlin just last week.
The mostly unfriendly incumbents include Dan Malloy of Connecticut, Pat Quinn of Illinois, Andrew Cuomo of New York, and John Kitzhaber of Oregon. In these four elections, the unions either did not endorse, or held their noses in an effort to keep the Republican candidate out.
The open seats are a mixed bag for the unions. Likely winners Anthony Brown in Maryland and David Ige in Hawaii will be a plus, while Arkansas will likely return to the GOP. Massachusetts is turning into a disaster, with either a Republican pick-up or the flawed Martha Coakley gaining the seat. A similar scenario exists in Rhode Island, where the unions have the unpalatable choice of Republican Allan Fung or Democratic pension reformer Gina Raimondo.
At best, these races might end up in a wash for NEA and AFT, so they are pinning their hopes on ousting hostile Republican incumbents in Florida, Kansas, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. In each of these cases the Democratic challenger would be greatly indebted to the unions. And from the unions’ point of view, a win in Wisconsin would almost transcend losses everywhere else.
A bad year in the Senate races would be difficult for the teachers’ unions to swallow, but they already have their sights set on 2016. A bad year in the gubernatorial races would not only mean continued hard times for struggling NEA and AFT state affiliates, but would provide a boost for Democratic education reform candidates for years to come. Maybe forever.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics October 21-27:
* Massachusetts Teachers Association Becomes a Tenant. Moving out.
* NEA’s Next Target: Florida’s 2nd District. Close is close enough.
* High Roller. Las Vegas teacher health coverage is a game with loaded dice.
Quote of the Week. “As you know, educators can’t write million-dollar checks or $10 million checks, but they can write $25 checks and $10 checks.” – Karen White, political director for the National Education Association, explaining how the union will spend in the “$40 million range” on the midterm election. (October 22 Fox News)
I’d love to see this stack of $10-$25 checks and total them up.
October 20, 2014
Compromise(d). State affiliates of the National Education Association have always battled Republican office-holders. The most significant change in education labor policy in the past 20 years is how many Democratic office-holders find themselves dodging barbs from teachers’ unions. Things were so much simpler for the unions when the villains were easily identified by the (R) next to their names.
Recent information illustrates the tightrope NEA is walking with its support of Democrats who often fail to comply with its wishes.
In Connecticut, the Hartford Courant reported on how union officers “have been working for weeks to fire up the rank and file” to support Gov. Dannel Malloy. Some of them refuse to ignite.
Four years ago, Kevin Egan, president of the Waterbury teachers union, was part of a loyal army working on behalf of Malloy.
Not this year. The Waterbury Teachers Association recently polled its 1,600 members about which gubernatorial candidate to endorse. About 700 teachers participated: 24 percent chose Foley and just 11 percent backed Malloy. The overwhelming majority — 52 percent — urged the union to make no endorsement.
The vote was largely symbolic — the Waterbury Teachers Association is part of the Connecticut Education Association, which ultimately endorsed Malloy.
But Egan said the poll results reflect the degree to which rank and file teachers mistrust the governor. He said several factors contributed to the fractured relationship, including Malloy’s appointment of an education commissioner who supports charter schools, and the governor’s controversial comment that teachers merely had to show up to get tenure. (Malloy later apologized for using what he called “bad language.”)
“They’re angry,” Egan said, noting that he received emails from teachers who wanted to break with the CEA after the group endorsed Malloy. “The poll speaks volumes about how deeply rooted the concerns are.”
In Massachusetts, the Boston Globe reported the state teachers’ union was upset with gubernatorial nominee Martha Coakley after she “expressed disappointment about a recent state decision against greenlighting any new independently run charter schools this year.”
The Massachusetts Teachers Association supports a limit on the number of charters, and has spent $1 million in support of Coakley’s campaign.
In California, the unions have committed millions to the reelection of Tom Torlakson to the office of state schools superintendent against his challenger, Marshall Tuck, also a Democrat. Despite this disbursement of members’ dues, the California Teachers Association is concerned enough about the rank-and-file’s vote that it is asking State Council reps to use their personal cell phones this Saturday to spend three hours calling members to get them to vote for Torlakson.
The reps will receive a raffle ticket for every 10 members they contact between 3 and 6 pm (voice mail counts). The prizes are $100 gift cards.
Let me repeat that: The union is giving away $100 gift cards to reps who call members on a Saturday afternoon asking them to vote for the guy they are supporting with millions of dollars of dues, including, presumably, the cost of the gift cards and the phone calls.
Well, it’s money well spent if it keeps public education from the clutches of the Gates Foundation and all of the education reform groups it funds, helpfully listed by Education Dive today. Yes, all the usual suspects are there, including toxic testers at the Educational Testing Service and… wait… what’s this? The National Education Association with its $3.9 million windfall.
Education politics is a messy business when the party lines are erased. You need a scorecard to determine who is playing on which team, regardless of the uniform they wear.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics October 15-20:
* NEA Drops $335K Into House Race in Maine. Got to spend it somewhere.
* NEA Spending Almost $80 Per Arkansas Member on Senate Race. How’s that for out-of-state money?
* Has NEA Abandoned the Nevada Tax Initiative? The world’s smallest coalition.
* Philly Follies. Maybe we should test the kids’ knowledge of collective bargaining, too.
Quote of the Week. “Opponents of public charter schools essentially argue that public education is between labor and a district; it’s pre-ordained and any attempt to change or adapt it is an attempt to destroy public education as we know it. This is a dumb argument when the right makes it. It’s a dumb argument when the left makes it.” – Lynnell Mickelsen of Put Kids First Minneapolis, a self-described “long-time progressive Democrat.” (October 19 Twin Cities Daily Planet)
October 14, 2014
NEA’s Super PAC Goes on “Grassroots” Shopping Spree. The numbers are growing even as I type this, but the NEA Advocacy Fund has spent about $12.4 million to date in campaign independent expenditures since the union’s representative assembly in July. A large portion of that spending went to self-identified grassroots groups in various states where NEA wants to influence elections.
Since none of the spending involves direct contributions to or coordination with political candidates, all of it comes from members’ dues money. NEA estimates it will spend between $40 and $60 million this election cycle, but that amount includes not only campaigns past, but political communication to members.
NEA’s largest gift to an advocacy organization was $900,000 to the Democratic Governors Association. The national union has not taken much of a direct hand in gubernatorial races, except for about $704,000 in opposition to Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder. It is also unclear whether the union’s ad buy in the unexpectedly close Hawaii governor’s race is related to the DGA contribution.
The next largest total ($587,500) went to Patriot Majority New Mexico, which is trying to unseat Republican Gov. Susan Martinez and prevent the GOP from gaining its first legislative majority in 60 years.
Another $580,000 went to Pennsylvania Families First, a group seeking to unseat Republican Gov. Tom Corbett. It claims it is funded by “organizations that represent hundreds of thousands of working Pennsylvanians.”
Next up is Kentucky Family Values. It received $550,000 from NEA. A passage on its web site reads, “The main difference between Kentucky Family Values and other groups is that we are based here in Kentucky. We are opposed by out-of-state super PACs that are spending millions to buy this election and impose an outside agenda on Kentucky that will harm our state’s families.”
NEA gave $500,000 to Fair Share Action, which is operating in Florida and Colorado. It describes itself as using “a combination of grassroots organizing and communications to help elect candidates who will work for a fair economy and to defeat politicians who place extreme ideology or corporate profits ahead of ordinary people.” Its PAC was created “to balance out the big money that floods politics and drowns out the voices of voters.”
Arizona Wins received $350,000 from NEA. It appears the money is meant for statewide ballot measure campaigns, but it isn’t entirely clear.
Grassroots for Florida received $325,000. Information on the organization is sparse. It is listed only as a Florida partner of America Votes, and its physical address is evidently a UPS box in Tampa. That much money should be enough to rent a storefront.
North Carolina Citizens for Protecting Our Schools got $250,000. It believes “North Carolina’s future prosperity can only be guaranteed through sustained state investments in public education.”
Michigan For All received $200,000. It is located in Washington DC.
Win Minnesota Political Fund received $100,000 and the Committee to Rebuild Maine’s Middle Class got $75,000, a moribund group from 2012 that NEA apparently revived.
Rounding out the outside advocacy organizations that received NEA money is Democrats for Public Education, which got $25,000.
Additionally, the NEA Advocacy Fund spent millions directly on ads related to targeted U.S. Senate races: $490,000 against GOP candidate Tom Cotton in Arkansas, about $728,000 against GOP candidate Dan Sullivan in Alaska, $202,000 against GOP candidate Cory Gardner in Colorado, and almost $3 million against GOP candidate Thom Tillis in North Carolina.
We are still three weeks away from Election Day, so it is highly likely the direct spending will increase significantly. Dues income does not dry up quickly, and even if NEA were to experience a cash crunch, the guaranteed flow of revenue each year makes it a simple matter to borrow whatever it might need.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics October 7-14:
* Flash! NEA Not Planning to Change Much. Busy work.
* Education Journalism Quote of the Week. The keepers of tolerance.
* TANSTAAFL. Eating your lunch.
* Old Habits Die Hard. Agency fee.
* A Debate to Liven Up Your Columbus Day. Byzantine.
* Mythical Creatures. Temporary.
Quote of the Week. “My name is Ashley Pledger and I’ve been an Arkansas teacher for 10 years…. Tom Cotton would deprive Arkansas students of the opportunities that helped him. As a high school teacher, I know how hard it is for my students to go to college. Tom Cotton is hurting their chances.” – Ashley Pledger, president of the Education Association of Rogers, in a campaign ad paid for by NEA’s Super PAC. (October 14 NEA press release)
October 6, 2014
NEA Membership Numbers Accelerate Downward. Officers of the National Education Association expressed some optimism last July that the union’s falling membership numbers were finally reaching their nadir. Active membership losses totaling more than 9 percent since 2008-09 had slowed to a drop of about 17,000 by the end of the 2013-14 school year. While still a significant loss, surely the end of the lean years was in sight.
That is, until the first figures for the 2014-15 school year came in. NEA is down 37,000 active members from this time a year ago.
Total membership did not fall quite as badly, but the demographic trend cannot be comforting to the union. Student membership fell by 4,700, but was more than offset by an increase of 6,600 retired members. Of course, the idea is that student members are likely to become active members when they are hired to work in public schools. Retired members remain retired members, paying only $30 per year.
NEA’s total membership now stands at approximately 2,960,000 members – its lowest level since the merger of NEA New York with New York State United Teachers in 2006.
The union’s admission to the lower numbers came only in a subtle form, as I suggested it would back in July 2013:
We’ll know the white flag has gone up when the footer on NEA press releases changes from “more than 3 million” to “about 3 million” or “almost 3 million.”
The union projected a loss of 30,000 full-time equivalent members this year, so unless the downward spiral accelerates further, this drop should have no additional budget repercussions.
It does lead to one conclusion. Though the economy has improved, NEA’s membership outlook has not.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics September 30-October 6:
* Non-Denial Denial. Union officers rarely tell a bald-faced lie to the press. But they often give an answer to a question different from the one that was asked.
* Hmmmmm…What happened to the Hawaii State Teachers Association pre-K campaign?
* Personal Incident? What if he had driven his car into the CTA lobby?
* Win, Lose or Draw for Nevada Margin Tax? Confused polling.
* Which Ad Is Funnier? Red Dawn scenario.
Quote of the Week. “Instead of coming up with a budget and saying ‘here it is’ and giving people basically 24 hours to comment on it, why couldn’t we be a part of the process of putting the budget together in the first place?” – Karen Lewis, president of the Chicago Teachers Union and would-be mayoral candidate. (October 3 NBC Chicago)
Great idea. Let’s use it for the next teachers’ contract, too.
September 29, 2014
Wicomico Postscript. Back in April, the Wicomico County Education Association in Maryland made headlines by being the site of a “coup” carried out by angry site representatives who were unhappy with the scheduling of a vote to disaffiliate the local from the Maryland State Education Association.
It was later revealed that MSEA was involved in the takeover, though it publicly distanced itself from events. Eventually a court order restored the union’s headquarters and assets to the elected officers. Nevertheless, when the smoke cleared it looks as though MSEA got just about everything it wanted.
A new election was held, but incumbent president Kelly Stephenson did not stand for reelection. Gary Hammer, the leader of the coup, ran unopposed. No disaffiliation vote took place and is now extremely unlikely to ever happen.
The only sign of the former officers is this web site for the newly formed Eastern Shore Education Association, which is clearly not affiliated with MSEA. Kelly Stephenson is listed as treasurer. No other activity is evident.
The lesson is clear. There is no such thing as a friendly disaffiliation. The architects have to treat it as if it were a representation campaign against a hostile union. It won’t be pleasant, but it’s the only way to succeed.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics September 23-29:
* Colorado Protests Not Exactly Spontaneous. Part of “high intensity campaigns.”
* The Password Is: “Escalating.” The empire strikes back.
* Providence Teachers Union Prefers Convicted Felon to Charter School Director. Who’s your buddy?
* Let’s Play “Who Is Arne Duncan Talking About?” Thinking beyond dollar signs.
* Union Opposes Pre-K Funding Amendment in Hawaii. Can you guess why?
Quote of the Week. “Arni was really involved with the association through the years and I think most people viewed him as a very positive contributor. Pretty good finance guy and investor and that sort of thing.” – Bill Henkle, principal of Whitefish Bay High School, discussing Arnav “Arni” Mahant, former math teacher and treasurer of the Whitefish Bay Education Association, who pleaded guilty to embezzling more than $560,000 from the union, then replacing it with money stolen from his in-laws. (September 26 Fox6Now.com)
September 22, 2014
Balance Your Budget the NYSUT Way! New York State United Teachers has a lot of suggestions about how the state should finance education, collect property taxes and see to it that revenues match needed expenditures. The union felt that this year’s state budget “falls considerably short.”
One would expect that NYSUT would demonstrate its expertise in budgeting with its own revenues and expenditures, but the evidence tells a different story.
The union took in almost $133.7 million in 2012-13, an increase of about $1.6 million from the previous year, yet it spent more than $167.9 million, an increase of almost $12 million. The $34.2 million deficit is its largest so far – at least that I can document – and NYSUT last had a balanced budget sometime before 2008.
Its long-term financial health isn’t much better, since its liabilities more than triple its assets. NYSUT does own $38 million in real estate, but the corporation it created to control it also ran a deficit.
What’s the cause of all this red ink? It’s no mystery. In 2012-13 NYSUT collected almost $117.2 million in dues, and paid its employees $118.6 million in salaries and benefits – an increase of 13.1 percent from the previous year.
The current slate of officers ran on a platform of internal financial transparency. Are they correcting the compensation imbalance? Well, maybe in one sense.
Ed Notes Online broke the story, picked up by Capital New York, about how the new NYSUT officers arranged for an amendment to state law so they could simultaneously earn credit in the NYSUT pension system and the state teacher retirement system. Sweet!
Let’s at least give NYSUT credit for consistency. An organization that annually spends much more than it collects has no qualms in demanding the government spend much more than it collects. The problem is that such policies are highly dependent on having enough citizens who spend less than they earn. That well is running dry.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics September 16-22:
* A Little More Charter School Transparency. The Annenberg Institute’s charter school oversight report hopes you’ll overlook the author.
* Help Me Make Some Dough. Difficult decisions require thought, judgment, and apparently, cash.
* Alabama EA Board Orders Audit. We have what, but not who, when or how.
* Thanks, But No Tanks. The right to bear arms.
Quote of the Week. “She’s been very realistic – we have a law in place and it’s not going to be a healthy environment to just come in and flip that law.” – Kim Kohlhaas, president of AFT Wisconsin, explaining why Democratic gubernatorial candidate Mary Burke doesn’t mention Act 10 when she campaigns. (September 19 Al Jazeera America)
September 15, 2014
Proxy War. I don’t often dig through the Shamokin News-Item looking for information about teachers’ unions and school management, but an article by reporter Sarah DeSantis caught my eye. It provides a detailed background and history of contract negotiations between local affiliates of the Pennsylvania State Education Association and school boards in the central part of the state. It turns out that sometimes the success or failure of collective bargaining has more to do with the personalities of people who don’t work in the district.
School districts in the region often use Benjamin L. Pratt of the CGA Law Firm to represent management in negotiations. Over the last year or so, Pratt has found himself across the table from Mark McDade, PSEA’s UniServ director for the area.
The two men have faced each other in four school districts. Two times the union has gone on strike. Now they are on opposite sides in the Line Mountain school district. Teachers there have set a strike date of November 5.
DeSantis interviewed both men and, unsurprisingly, each blames the other for the lack of settlements and the overall negative environment of bargaining.
The Shamokin school board stopped using Pratt – not because they were dissatisfied with his expertise, but because he “didn’t mesh well” with McDade and it “became so hostile that it hampered negotiations.”
I don’t know anything about the local issues involved, but I’m confident central Pennsylvania isn’t the only place where this is a problem. Most school districts and local unions are too small to keep contract negotiators on salary. The districts turn to private firms that specialize in collective bargaining. Their continued business requires negotiating deals that are beneficial to the board. The local unions turn to UniServ reps, who are employees of the state union and are subsidized by the national union. They negotiate at the direction of the local, but since they since they have several locals as “clients,” they have an interest in gaining similar pay and benefit raises for all of them. They also have to abide by the priorities of the state union, which occasionally may cause some conflicts.
Both sides need their proxies for the expertise and practical experience they hold. But those assets can be accompanied by additional motivations, styles and methods that can muddy the negotiations, if not swamp them all together.
It is better for all involved, including the taxpayers, if the outcome of bargaining is determined by what’s on the table, rather than who are in the seats.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics September 9-15:
* Things Are Going South in Alabama. Paul Hubbert tosses a grenade.
* Another Shoe to Drop in Alabama? Why did the union go to a scandal-plagued investment firm?
* Your Mom’s Union. Eternal incumbency.
* NYSUT Local Wants to Withhold AFT PAC Money. Circumvention.
* Georgia On My Mind. And another NEA southern state affiliate with money troubles.
Quote of the Week. “Certainly right-to-work changes the narrative because I’m from the era … when your union membership was never a question. Now that narrative will change. You’re going to have to go out and convince people to be part of a union. That will be hard for any union, but especially a teacher’s union with the assault that has been laid on them.” – Keith Johnson, president of the Detroit Federation of Teachers, after announcing he would be stepping down. (September 11 Detroit Free Press)
September 8, 2014
How Arne Duncan Exposed the NEA. The big story that came out of July’s National Education Association Representative Assembly was the union adopting a measure that called for the resignation of U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. You don’t have to take my word for it. The Associated Press ran it on The Big Story page.
There never was a realistic chance that Duncan would resign, but we were assured that it was necessary to send a message that it was intolerable that Duncan would “promote policies and decisions that undermine public schools and colleges, the teaching education professionals, and education unions.”
But during the summer that new business item seems to have lost any teeth it had.
New NEA president Lily Eskelsen Garcia has been making the rounds, interviewing with anyone holding a microphone or a notebook, and any question about Duncan was answered by how nice he was, or how his intentions were good, but that he was wrong on standardized testing.
I made it clear to the secretary that I don’t want to demonize anybody. He’s sincere and he’s absolutely wrong. We agreed at the end of that meeting; we were very clear. He was very clear that he thinks we need to stay on what he calls accountability. I believe that has come to mean you hit your number and there’s a consequence for not hitting your number.
She told The Daily Kos:
The call for the secretary’s resignation came from a place of very deep disappointment. And by the way, it was hotly debated, and it was not overwhelming, but it won the day. It was more than Race to the Top. It was a feeling that the secretary just doesn’t get it. I know Arne Duncan. He’s a good person. He’s not a bad person, he’s not part of a deep dark conspiracy, but he’s wrong. He is just dead wrong on this obsession with test scores, and with offering states grant money if they will link things like a teacher’s evaluation to test scores…
NPR asked if she discussed Duncan’s resignation with President Obama:
No. We didn’t talk about that. Why would I? We have a lot of things in common with the administration, like Head Start, preschool, affordable college, immigration reform that keeps families together and protects children and their right to an education. [But] if [they] don’t end this obsession with high-stakes punishments hooked to a standardized test score, none of that will matter.
NPR followed up “Do you still think Duncan should resign?”:
We have a huge disconnect with … Duncan on the use of testing. We believe testing should be used to guide our instruction and he will agree with that but has not yet told us that [he] has made a big mistake hooking big-stake consequences to those tests.
She told the Washington Post:
“Arne Duncan is a very nice man. I actually believe he is a very honest man. And that cannot excuse the fact that he is wrong wrong wrong on just about everything that he believes is reform. I could just give him hugs when he talks about preschool. I love when he talks about affordable college. Its not that he is in the pocket of the Koch brothers and wants to destroy public schools. But he has drunk the Kool-Aid. He has drunk the factory reform Kool-Aid.
She told EdSource she conveyed the members’ perspective to Duncan and now has “every intention of working with the secretary going forward.”
NEA and Duncan do have a lot in common, and it’s only practical to continue to deal with the fact that he isn’t going away. But the union’s disillusionment with Duncan goes far beyond standardized testing, and it wasn’t even the trigger for the vote on the resignation NBI – his positive reaction to the Vergara ruling was.
I’m reminded of the laundry list of complaints about Duncan the union passed in 2011 – I described it then as “two counts of heavy focusing, four counts of failure to recognize, one count of felony myth-perpetuating, and a misdemeanor count of weighing in.”
Duncan has been U.S. Secretary of Education for five years, and there is every indication he will remain in that office for the rest of the President’s term. More than that, for all his perceived missteps and blunders, he hasn’t suffered a single tangible consequence. Indeed, the allowance from the NEA president that he’s “a very nice man” is probably the only compliment a union officer at any level will give him. Nevertheless, he is Education Secretary despite the union’s explicit and direct call for his ouster, and the education policies of the Obama administration move forward much as they have since 2009.
So the question arises: If President Obama and Secretary Duncan can safely ignore NEA’s demands, why can’t we all?
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics September 3-8:
* Michigan EA Loses 5K Members in One Month, Declares Victory. Could be raining.
* Gallup Poll Shows Public Doesn’t Buy Unions’ “Fair Share” Argument. Freedom of association.
* Those Who Remember the Past Are Condemned to Repeat It. Santayana’s corollary.
* Palm Beach Local Finally Elects New President. Out with the old.
Quote of the Week #1. “I’m hoping that the Waiting for Superman obligatory events designed to hype the movie and sell tickets is (sic) finally winding down.” – Lily Eskelsen Garcia, president of the National Education Association. (January 3, 2011 Lily’s Blackboard)
Quote of the Week #2. “Head to the movie theaters this Labor Day weekend to watch The Giver, the critically acclaimed film based on Lois Lowry’s beloved classic novel starring Jeff Bridges and Meryl Streep and The Weinstein Company and Walden Media will donate 50 cents of every ticket to The NEA Foundation in support of NEA’s Read Across America up to $250,000!” – from NEA’s Read Across America web page. Walden Media produced Waiting for Superman.
September 2, 2014
Highlights from the 2014-16 NEA Strategic Plan and Budget. The National Education Association works on a two-year budget cycle and the 2014-16 edition lays out the union’s priorities and expectations in a general way. I have posted the full document on EIA’s Declassified page.
Here are a few relevant items and quotes from the 76-page document:
* “Early indications are that educator employment will not return to pre-recession levels during this two-year budget cycle.”
* “As we investigated our internal capabilities as well as the external opportunities and threats, two main issues emerged. One the need to win the race to capture the hearts and minds of parents, communities, and educators; the other was the importance of re-building the Association’s strength – our vast network of members at all levels of the public education system.”
* NEA projects 15,000 fewer active full-time equivalent members in 2015-16 than it has today.
* “Develop and implement a timely and strategic Presidential nomination program for NEA and strategically align opportunities for NEA priorities through the nomination process, the campaign, and the Administration (Presidential, DNC, RNC, Executive Branch, transition).”
* “Develop, execute, and win electoral campaigns through messages to members and the public using members’ voices, third party validators, social media, and paid and earned media.” (embedded link added)
* “Take control of the education debate”
* “Prepare and support local Association and site leaders serving NEA priority schools (or other schools identified with greatest need) with tools and strategies necessary for successful implementation of the Common Core State Standards.”
* “Develop strategic engagement with select education research think tanks focused on public school reform and closing the achievement gaps.”
* “Membership and Organizing: This area is laser focused on figuring out how to grow membership and plans to do this through research-based campaigns engineered to determine what works. Specific attention is placed on young members, developing and supporting the implementation of alternative dues collection options, and developing models for new and nontraditional membership types.”
* “Design and implement a strategic and research based campaign to create a 10 year pipeline of young member engagement around issues meaningful to them such as closing the achievement gap, college affordability, and income equality.”
* “Support state and local affiliates’ ‘scratch’ organizing campaigns of new units with particular attention to charter schools and higher education.”
* “Develop and implement detailed processes and procedures for making, monitoring, and evaluating annual financial and in-kind contributions to partner organizations to ensure sufficient and impactful returns on investment, monitored progress towards NEA’s strategic goals and achievement of outcomes.”
* “Maintain the national media and digital presence for Read Across America (RAA) and assist states and locals in creating and leveraging their RAA events to further our Association’s student-centered, Association-led goals and organizing efforts.”
* President’s base salary $286,899. Additional taxable income includes 20% for benefits and 20% for living allowance, for a total of $401,659.
Recent Intercepts. EIA’s daily blog, Intercepts, covered these topics August 26-September 2:
* NEA Partners With Waiting for Superman Producers. Securing a box on the conspiracy flow chart.
* Awkward. “Nothing I do is unusual compared to what every other teacher does.”
* Polarization. Two audiences. Two messages.
* Double or Nothing. There goes the mortgage money.
Quote of the Week. “Just a year ago, 76% of teachers backed the Common Core, but the portion in favor has now plummeted to 46%. Meanwhile, teacher opposition has more than tripled, from 12% to 40%.” – from “No Common Opinion on the Common Core” in the Winter 2015 issue of Education Next.